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Fatty Liver Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, and More

Fatty liver is widespread nowadays, impacting individuals of all age groups, from kids to the elderly. It's vital to understand the importance of sustaining a robust liver. To underscore, Global Liver Day is commemorated annually on April 19.


One may wonder why the problem of fatty liver is increasing among non-alcohol consumers, what its treatment entails, and the risks associated with neglecting its impact. Let's delve into these aspects.


What Is the Function of the Liver?


The liver, situated in the upper abdomen, executes diverse functions. It metabolises drugs and noxious substances, manufactures bile for fat metabolism, and hoards vital elements such as vitamins, glucose, and proteins crucial for clotting.


Neglecting liver well-being can result in various conditions like:

  • Hepatitis A and B
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Liver cancer
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
  • Diverse stages of liver impairment
  1. Fatty Liver: This arises from an excess fat build-up in the liver, caused by a high-fat diet.
  2. Fibrosis: The initial phase of liver harm, known as liver fibrosis, entails the development of wounds on healthy liver tissues.
  3. Cirrhosis: If the liver undergoes more harm post-fibrosis, it advances to cirrhosis, potentially requiring a liver transplant in severe cases.
  4. Liver Cancer: Hepatocellular carcinoma or hepatic cancer is another consequence, occurring when cancer manifests in the liver, disrupting its standard operations.


Why Does Fatty Liver Occur?


Fatty liver problems are commonly associated with consuming oily and spicy foods, obesity, or excessive alcohol intake. In this condition, the liver enlarges or shrinks, hindering its proper functioning.


Before proceeding, it's important to note that fatty liver disease is of two types:

  1. Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver (NAFLD): This type poses a risk to those who do not consume alcohol or consume it in moderation.
  2. Alcoholic Fatty Liver (AFLD): This type results from excessive alcohol consumption. Consuming fatty foods along with alcohol exacerbates fatty liver problems.

Both situations can be hazardous, and timely medical intervention is essential.


What Are the Symptoms of Fatty Liver?


Initially, those with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease may not exhibit noticeable symptoms, leading to a lack of awareness about the condition's severity. 


As the issue advances, symptoms may manifest like: 

  • Fatigue
  • A sense of heaviness
  • Abdominal pain or swelling
  • Digestive problems, gas
  • Bad breath
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Anaemia
  • Itchy or dry skin
  • Dental complications like bleeding, swelling, or gum pain


Can Changes in Lifestyle Reverse Fatty Liver Disease?


Yes, lifestyle modifications can be effective, especially in the early stages. Approximately 30% to 40% control can be achieved through lifestyle changes when the disease is in its initial stage (Stage 1).


For those with diabetes, maintaining control with an HbA1c around 6 is crucial. Weight management is essential for individuals dealing with obesity or excess weight. A BMI below 28 is recommended in such cases.


Additionally, addressing lipid or cholesterol issues requires a combination of exercise, a balanced diet, and medication.


For advanced stages of fatty liver disease, such as fibrosis or cirrhosis, medications are often necessary. Commitment to lifestyle changes becomes imperative in these cases.


It is worth noting that those who value their lives will take this matter seriously. Lifestyle adjustments are crucial for effective management.


What Changes Can Be Made, And How Can They Be Implemented?


Here are some tips that may help:

  • Avoid developing an addiction to alcohol.
  • Consume fewer sugary items.
  • Eliminate processed foods from your diet.
  • Cut down on oily foods.
  • Include fibre-rich foods in your diet.
  • Reduce intake of starchy vegetables like eggplants, tomatoes, potatoes, and cauliflower.
  • Opt for fish if you are inclined to non-vegetarian food.
  • Avoid using steroid creams and injections.
  • Minimise the use of painkillers such as Combiflam, Brufen, and Voveran.
  • Engage in moderate exercise regularly.
  • Focus on cardio exercises like brisk walking, swimming, or cycling.


What Is Considered Moderate Exercise, And How Does It Help Maintain Liver Health?


Exercise is classified into three categories:

  1. Mild: Allows for conversations during the activity.
  2. Moderate: Involves reduced talking during exercise.
  3. Severe: Intense exercise with rapid breathing, where speaking is discouraged.


To maintain liver health, moderate exercise in the form of cardio is crucial. Activities like brisk walking, swimming, and cycling not only contribute to liver health but also enhance overall metabolism. These exercises are beneficial for the heart and other body parts.


How Much Exercise Is Recommended for Good health?


For optimal well-being, it's advised that younger individuals engage in 240 to 300 minutes of weekly exercise, while older adults should target 150 to 200 minutes. Consistent moderate exercise throughout the week proves more advantageous than sporadic intense workouts.


When Is a Liver Transplant Necessary?


A liver transplant is not necessary when the damage is not severe. In cases where the problem is beyond control, a transplant may become necessary. To reduce fatty liver, weight control is essential. Choosing fruits, vegetables, and whole grains over oily foods is beneficial. Regular exercise can also help manage excess weight.




Adjusting your lifestyle with a wholesome diet, regular exercise, and steering clear of harmful substances significantly aids in preventing and handling fatty liver disease. Taking a proactive approach to health is crucial to sidestep severe liver damage.


This blog has been converted from the PR Article - जरूरत की खबरशराब नहीं पीते फिर भी लिवर खराब:फैटी लिवर के लिए समोसा-पिज्जा जिम्मेदार, रहें अलर्ट वर्ना जा सकती है जान; जानें इलाज


Dr Arvinder Singh Soin
Liver Transplant
Meet The Doctor
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