Facebook Twitter instagram Youtube

About Celiac Disease


Celiac disease is an autoimmune, genetic disorder that affects 1 in 133 people worldwide. In individuals with celiac disease, the consumption of gluten—a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye—triggers an immune reaction that damages the small intestine and interferes with the absorption of nutrients from food. Celiac disease can cause various symptoms, from digestive problems to fatigue and skin conditions. It is also associated with other health issues, such as anemia and osteoporosis. A gluten-free diet is considered the best for celiac disease patients.


There is no cure for celiac disease, but surgery and a gluten-free diet can help manage symptoms and promote the healing of the intestine.


Symptoms of Celiac Disease

The most common celiac symptoms are:


  • Abdominal pain
  • Bloating
  • Gas
  • Diarrhoea
  • Constipation
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea. 
  • Joint pain
  • Skin rash (dermatitis herpetiformis)
  • Anaemia, 
  • Osteoporosis
  • Infertility
  • Neurological problems such as depression or anxiety. 


Celiac disease can be difficult to diagnose because its symptoms mimic other gastrointestinal disorders or can be a combination of the above.


If you need help managing your celiac disease, you may consider seeing a dietitian who can help you create an individualized meal plan and teach you about healthy eating. Additionally, support groups for people with celiac disease are available online and in many communities.


Causes of Celiac Disease


There are a variety of causes of celiac disease, and researchers are still working to identify all of them. However, the most common cause is an immune reaction to gluten. When people with celiac disease eat foods containing gluten, their immune system damages the villi in the small intestine. The villi are tiny finger-like projections that line the small intestine and help absorb nutrients from food. When they are damaged, the person cannot absorb nutrients properly.


Other causes of celiac disease may include a genetic predisposition, environmental triggers such as a virus or bacterial infection, and certain medications.


Diagnosis and Treatment of Celiac Disease


A digestive disorder called celiac disease harms the small intestine and prevents nutrients from food from being absorbed due to gluten intolerance. Celiac disease is commonly diagnosed through blood tests and intestinal biopsies. A stringent gluten-free diet is necessary for the treatment of celiac disease.


Blood Tests: Blood tests can measure the levels of certain antibodies (proteins produced by the immune system) in people with celiac disease. These antibodies show a response to gluten intolerance.


Intestinal Biopsy: During an endoscopy, a small tissue sample will be collected from the small intestine and examined under a microscope to look for damage caused by celiac disease.


Treatment: Celiac disease treatment requires a strict gluten-free diet, which means avoiding all foods that contain gluten. This includes wheat, rye and barley. People with celiac disease should also avoid products that may have been contaminated with gluten during production or packaging, such as oats and some processed foods. A gluten-free diet can help relieve symptoms and prevent further damage to the small intestine. In severe cases of median arcuate ligament syndrome, surgery becomes compulsory to save the patient.


Living with Celiac Disease: Diet, Lifestyle, and Nutrition


Celiac illness is managed by adhering strictly to a gluten-free diet. This entails cutting out all gluten-containing foods from your diet. While this may seem daunting at first, many delicious and healthy gluten-free foods are available. With a little creativity and planning, you can easily create nutritious and enjoyable meals.


Living with the celiac disease requires making some lifestyle changes. You must pay close attention to what you eat and carefully read food labels. You may also need to avoid eating out at restaurants or attending social events where food is served. However, by following a few simple guidelines, you can live a happy and healthy life with celiac disease.


The Benefits of Gluten-Free Eating


Going gluten-free can have many benefits, even for those without celiac disease. Gluten-free eating may reduce inflammation and improve digestion, energy, and overall health. It is also a great way to get more fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, and other nutrient-rich foods into your diet.


Nutrition Tips for Celiac Disease


Following a gluten-free diet does not mean you have to sacrifice nutrition. Plenty of delicious and nutritious gluten-free options provide important vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients. The following advice will help you make the most of your diet:


  • Consume a range of vegetables, nuts, seeds, and legumes.
  • Stock up on gluten-free grains such as quinoa, amaranth, and buckwheat
  • Pick lean proteins, such as fish, chicken, and eggs.
  • Choose healthy fats instead, such as avocado or olive oil.
  • Opt for dairy alternatives like almond or coconut milk
  • Look for fortified products that contain added nutrients such as iron or B12
  • Check the labels carefully to ensure the product is gluten-free.


You can easily follow these tips and be mindful of what you eat.




Celiac disease is a serious condition that can impact your quality of life. However, understanding the symptoms and diagnosis methods makes it possible to get a proper diagnosis and manage it effectively with dietary modifications. It's important to remember that celiac disease is not something you should suffer from in silence; If you find any of the above symptoms, it's important to see a doctor. You can consult the best dietician at Medanta to regularly check your body functioning.

Medanta Medical Team
Back to top