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From Mammograms to Breast Biopsies: How Technologies are Changing the Game for Women!

Breast cancer is a significant concern for women's health worldwide, and early detection is critical in ensuring positive treatment outcomes. Mammograms and biopsies are screening and diagnostic methods that play a crucial role in detecting breast cancer at an early stage. These procedures have evolved significantly in recent years, and new technologies are continually emerging to improve their accuracy and effectiveness. According to recent statistics, breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide, with an estimated 2.3 million new cases diagnosed in 2020 alone.


In this blog, we will explore what is the impact of biopsy and mammogram screening on women's health and how these diagnosis methods are life-changing.


What are mammograms and biopsies?


A mammogram test is an X-ray image of the breast tissue that is done to detect changes in the breast tissue that are not detected through physical examination. Mammograms are screening methods used for asymptomatic women with no sign of breast cancer.


A breast biopsy is a minor invasive procedure that involves removing a small sample of breast tissue to examine it under a microscope. A biopsy is typically recommended when a mammogram or physical exam detects a suspicious mass or abnormality.


Both mammograms and biopsies are critical in detecting breast cancer at an early stage when it is most treatable. These procedures are essential components of breast cancer screening and diagnosis and are crucial in helping healthcare professionals provide the best treatment options for patients.


Advancements in Mammograms and Biopsies


Advancements in mammogram screening and biopsies have significantly improved the accuracy, efficiency, and patient comfort of breast cancer screening and diagnosis.

Here are some of them:


  • Digital breast tomosynthesis ( DBT), also known as 3D mammography, DBT provides a 3D view of the breast tissue, which can help detect smaller or hidden breast tumors that may be missed in traditional 2D mammography.
  • Automated breast ultrasound (ABUS) uses sound waves to create details 3D images of the breast tissue, which can help detect breast tumors that may not be visible on mammography.
  • Breast magnetic resonance imaging is a highly sensitive diagnostic tool that can detect breast tumors, especially in women with dense breast tissue or those at high risk of developing breast cancer.
  • Image-guide biopsy uses ultrasound, MRI, or mammography to precisely guide the needle to the area of the breast tissue that needs to be biopsied, reducing the need for surgery.


Significant Impacts of Mammograms and Biopsies in Breast Cancer Detection and Treatment


Mammogram and biopsy have had a significant impact on breast cancer detection and treatment; here are some of the improved breast cancer outcomes through these: 

  • Early detection: Mammograms are highly effective at detecting breast cancer at an early stage, which leads to more effective treatment options and improved survival rates. Biopsies can confirm the presence of cancer and determine the type and stage of the disease.
  • Precision diagnosis: Biopsies provide a precise diagnosis of breast cancer, allowing healthcare providers to tailor a treatment plan to the individual patient's needs.
  • Improved treatment planning: These methods provide critical information on the size, location and stage of breast cancer, which helps healthcare providers determine the most effective treatment options, such as surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy.
  • Reduced need for invasive procedures: With the development of newer technologies such as image-guide biopsy, there is less need for invasive surgical procedures, reducing patient risks and recovery time.
  • Monitoring treatment progress: Mammograms and biopsies are used to monitor treatment progress and ensure that cancer has been entirely removed or treated.


What are the concerns and limitations of Mammogram and Biopsy?


While mammograms and biopsies are essential methods in breast cancer screening and diagnosis, there are concerns and limitations associated with these procedures that need to be addressed, such as:


  • It can cause pain and discomfort for some patients, which may discourage them from seeking screening or diagnostic testing.
  • Mammograms can sometimes detect abnormalities that turn out to be benign, leading to unnecessary anxiety and follow-up testing.
  • It can also miss some breast cancer, particularly in women with dense breast tissue.
  • Mammogram exposure patients to a small amount of radiation can increase the risk of cancer over time. However, your doctor will prescribe this test only when it is suitable and required in your case, so do not worry.
  • The cost of mammograms and biopsies can be a barrier for some women, particularly those without insurance or high deductibles.


To address these concerns and limitations, healthcare industry is working to advance technologies to patient experience while getting mammogram and biopsy procedure. As mentioned in the above subheading, we have understood the technological advancement of these methods.


For example, newer mammography machines are designed to use lower doses of radiation and automated breast ultrasound. Option for patients who are not in favour of Mammography, MRI can provide additional screening options for women with dense tissue.




Mammograms and biopsies are powerful methods that have transformed how we detect and treat breast cancer. They are essential in early detection, which leads to more effective treatment plans and improved survival rates. With the continuous advancements in mammogram screening and biopsy technology and innovation, these screening and diagnostic procedures have become more accurate, accessible, and comfortable. If you have any concerns or queries about mammograms or biopsies, consult the Oncology or Women and Child Specialist department for early detection and save a million lives.

Dr Rajeev Agarwal
Cancer Care
Meet The Doctor
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