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Erectile Dysfunction-Symptoms, causes and Treatment

Erectile dysfunction, often known as ED, is the most prevalent sexual issue that men continue to discuss with their primary care physician. When it comes to sex, having difficulty achieving or maintaining an adequate level of erection is called erectile dysfunction, also known as ED.


ED that develops over time or happens often during sex is not natural and should be handled by a doctor.


Your general health and well-being will improve if you identify the root causes of your ED. Sex health and other health seem to go hand in hand.


Causes of erectile dysfunction


There are a lot of reasons that may lead to erectile dysfunction causes, such as:


  • Stress, sadness, a lack of brain stimulation, and performance anxiety are all

examples of psychological states.

  • As a consequence of atherosclerosis, blood flow to the penis may stop or get obstructed, resulting in erectile dysfunction (hardening of the arteries).
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS) and other neurological illnesses (stroke, diabetes, etc.) may cause damage to the nerves that give signals to the penis.
  • ED symptoms might be exacerbated by trauma.
  • Peyronie's disease, certain drugs, and chronic sickness may all contribute to ED. Prostate, bladder, and colon cancer surgeries may potentially have a role.


Drugs for ecstasy may also cause or contribute to ED.


  • Alcohol. 
  • Amphetamines. 
  • Barbiturates.
  • Cocaine. 
  • Marijuana. 
  • Methadone. 
  • Nicotine. 
  • Opiates. 


In addition to the well-known negative effects of these medicines, erectile dysfunction (ED) is seldom highlighted. But the usage of these medicines increases the chance of developing ED. Aside from their effects on the central nervous system, these medications may also damage blood vessels, resulting in long-term ED.


Is there a correlation between depression and erectile dysfunction?


Erectile dysfunction may be accompanied by depression in certain men (ED). Emotional turmoil and self-doubt are typical in males with anorexia and erectile dysfunction (ED). Self-esteem issues and even depression might result due to such thoughts.


Treatment is available for depression that often occurs in conjunction with ED. Be honest with yourself, your partner and your doctor about how you feel about ED-related depression. It will be easier and less stressful to deal with depression if it is out in the open.




For men with erectile dysfunction causes, sex is difficult to achieve or maintain. Urologists and your health care physician can assist if ED becomes a regular and troublesome condition.


Erectile dysfunction (ED) may be an indication that a man's vascular system is becoming clogged. ED has been linked to an increased risk of heart attack, stroke, and issues with the circulation in the legs in males, according to some research. ED may also lead to:


  • Depression and low self-esteem
  • Anguish for both the individual and his companions
  • A man's well-being and relationships may suffer if he does not seek treatment for ED.
  • Erectile dysfunction, vascular health, and the quality of a man's life are all addressed in treatment.




Because there are so many possible reasons of ED, your doctor may perform a range of tests to identify the problem and find out what the root cause is for erectile dysfunction treatment. To properly treat ED, the root cause must be discovered.


A comprehensive physical examination and evaluation of your medical history are required before any tests may be ordered. The following diagnostic tests may be ordered by your doctor after your physical examination and consultation:


  • Anemia may be detected by a CBC, which is a series of blood tests that includes a complete blood count. As a result, anaemia may lead to exhaustion, which can in turn lead to ED. If you have erectile dysfunction, it's possible that your kidneys or liver aren't working correctly.


  • Blood tests for lipids (fats), such as cholesterol, are used to determine the lipid profile. Blood circulation in the penis may be affected by high levels due to atherosclerosis (the hardening of the arteries). There is a correlation between a shortage in the thyroid hormones, which are responsible for regulating the synthesis of sex hormones, and ED.


  • To determine if a patient is a good candidate for vascular reconstruction surgery, an arteriography is performed. In order to determine the extent of the injury, X-rays will be obtained of the artery.


Before any of these tests are administered, your doctor will go through the procedure with you. Don't hesitate to ask your doctor if you have any queries.


Oral drugs (Viagra®, Levitra®, Cialis®) may be prescribed by your doctor based on your medical history, your family's medical history, and your present health.


Non-surgical treatments like a vacuum device or injections may be recommended in the event that these choices do not work for you. You may also be referred to a specialist in sexual dysfunction by your doctor.


There are advantages and disadvantages to each variety. Consult your physician about your treatment choices so that you may arrive at the best decision.


Finding the root cause of an eating disorder (ED) is the first step in treating it. Now the proper therapy may begin. It is possible for a man to recover normal sexual function via a variety of non-surgical and surgical treatments.


Is it possible to avoid erectile dysfunction?


It is possible to adopt preventative measures for those who are at risk of acquiring ED as a result of their own personal habits. However, there may be additional factors that cannot be avoided.


Studies have linked ED to obesity, high cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease.


Preventing or treating ED may be improved by following these guidelines:


  • Eat a well-balanced meal plan. Men with ED may benefit from a diet low in saturated fat and high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Lower the level of triglycerides in the blood Atherosclerosis (hardening, narrowing, and blocking of the penis' arteries) is a condition caused by high cholesterol levels. Diet, exercise, and medication may all help men decrease their cholesterol levels.
  • Keep your weight in check.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle by exercising frequently. There is a link between regular exercise and a lower chance of developing an eating disorder. Make a point of doing activities that you love and that you will stick to on a regular basis. Exercise, in addition to lowering your chance of developing ED, may also help you manage your weight.




It is possible to improve your ED symptoms in many circumstances.

Different circumstances, such as the degree of your erectile dysfunction (ED) and whether or not it's the result of another medical issue, will influence your treatment options. With your doctor's help, you'll learn about the advantages and dangers of each treatment option.

Dr. Prabhat Ranjan
Renal Care
Meet The Doctor
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