Eisenmenger’s Syndrome

What is Eisenmenger’s Syndrome

It refers to any untreated congenital heart defect or cardiac defect that leads to pulmonary hypertension. It occurs in certain people with heart malformations. The condition is generally identified by growing blood pressure in the pulmonary artery which links the heart to the lungs. The increasing blood pressure is the indicator of inadequate blood flow within the heart. It is a consequence of the blood circulation that is not normal and is caused by heart defect. People with this malady are born with a hole between the left and right ventricles of the heart. That hole shall pave way for the blood to pick up oxygen from the lungs to pass back into the lungs, rather than going out to other parts of the body.


The symptoms of Eisenmenger’s syndrome might include:

  • Excessive fatigue.
  • Cyanosis, and bluish or greyish skin colour.
  • Haemoptysis.
  • Pain in the chest.
  • Rounded toenails or fingernails.
  • Extreme breathlessness.
  • Swelling in the abdominal part.
  • Numbness.
  • Dizziness.
  • Stroke and palpitations.
  • Joint swelling.


Some common causes of Eisenmenger’s syndrome are:

  • Atrial septal defects.
  • Ventricular septal defects.
  • Patent ductus arteriosus.
  • Atrioventricular canal defect.


Some common risks of eisenmenger’s syndrome are:

  • Lower blood oxygen level.
  • Increased pressure in the lungs.
  • Hemoptysis (coughing up blood).
  • Bleeding in the lungs and airways.


As the disease occurs because of complications of the heart, surgical repair should be performed on patients with serious heart diseases to prevent the progression of Eisenmenger’s syndrome.

How is it diagnosed?

In order to diagnose Eisenmenger’s syndrome, our doctor at Medanta shall take into account the medical history of the patient, perform a physical exam and conduct relevant tests for diagnosis. Th...

How is it treated?

The treatment of Eisenmenger’s syndrome is based upon the overall health, age, intensity of the disorder, resistance to particular procedures and therapies, and personal preference of the patient. The treatment medications may include prostacycl..

  • Phlebotomy

    It is a procedure performed when the symptoms get acute and the proportion of blood becomes excessively elevated. This process is used for the removal of blood to replace it with a saline solution to thin the blood volume down.

  • Transplantation

    When no other treatment of the disease is effective, lung or heart transplantation is considered, to not let the disease develop any further.

When do I contact the doctor?

If you are facing the aforementioned symptoms, do visit a doctor immediately to check for any disease.

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