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What is Acquired Brain Injury ?

Acquired brain injury may occur through the sudden onset of trauma, infection, lack of oxygen, strokes, and drug use episodes, or through prolonged alcohol or substance abuse, and tumours or degenerat..

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Acquired brain injury may occur through the sudden onset of trauma, infection, lack of oxygen, strokes, and drug use episodes, or through prolonged alcohol or substance abuse, and tumours or degenerative neurological diseases. Two thirds of all people with this disease are over the age of 45. One third of those are over the age of 65, and the largest age group is between 40 and 49. The disease is higher in men than women. Acquired brain injury is any damage to the brain affecting a person physically, emotionally or behaviorally. It can happen at birth or later, from an illness or trauma, and can be called traumatic or nontraumatic, depending on the specific cause. There could be many possible causes of it including road accidents, assaults, falls and accidents at home or at work, stroke, brain tumor, haemorrhage, or viral infection such as meningitis.

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Acquired Brain Injury
Symptoms
symptoms

Some of the common symptoms of brain trauma caused by an injury are extreme drowsiness, distraction, impaired memory, depression, faulty judgement, and slackened reasoning. Possible physical and cognitive symptoms that arise from damage to some areas of the brain are:

  • Loss of simple movement of various body parts
  • Problems with reading and directions
  • Problems in vision and difficulty in recognizing faces
  • Problems with balance and movement; sleep difficulties
  • Loss of ability to walk, tremors, and dizziness

Causes
causes

Some of the most probable causes of this disease include:

  • Stroke
  • Trauma
  • Anoxia
  • Tumour
  • Infection
  • Surgery

Risks
risks

The main risk factors include:

  • Partially conscious state of mind
  • Vegetative state
  • Coma
  • Seizures
  • Fluid buildup

Prevention
prevention

To prevent the occurrence of this disease, one should take care of:

  • Cutting the alcohol and drug use
  • Using airbags and seat belts
  • Using helmets while driving

Doctors, Pioneers, Life Savers

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned institutions, our highly experienced doctors are distinguished experts in their respective specialities. Our doctors work full-time and exclusively across Medanta hospitals. In addition to offering superspecialised care in their own field, the Medanta organisational structure enables every doctor to help create a culture of collaboration and multispecialty care integration.

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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