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What is Agnosia?

Agnosia is a neurological disorder which affects a single information pathway in the brain. This leads to disability in recognition of faces, voices, objects or places. However, people suffering from..

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Agnosia is a neurological disorder which affects a single information pathway in the brain. This leads to disability in recognition of faces, voices, objects or places. However, people suffering from Agnosia can still interact with the world normally. As mentioned, Agnosia affects a single pathway when brain suffers certain damage. This pathway connects primary sensory areas that store knowledge and information. These primary sensory regions are mainly visual or auditory cortices. Agnosia is caused by lesions on the parietal or occipital lobes of the brain. There are different types of Agnosia, including Environmental Agnosia, Finger Agnosia, Integrative Agnosia and Topographical disorientation. The primary sensory regions are mainly visual or auditory cortices. Lesions on the parietal or occipital lobes of the brain cause Agnosia. These lobes are vital in storing schematic information and language. Strokes, head traumas, encephalitis, carbon monoxide poisoning, dementia or anoxia generally creates the lesions.

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Agnosia
Symptoms
symptoms

Sometimes, it is difficult to find whether you have the disease or not, but its symptoms dominate the working of your body so much that you come to know its presence. These symptoms include:

  • Inability to identify people and sounds.
  • Inability to recognise objects and shapes.
  • Inability to recognise any familiar smell.

Causes
causes

Some of the most probable causes of this disease are:

  • Dementia
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Encephalitis
  • Traumatic brain injuries
  • Strokes

Risks
risks

The main risk factors include:

  • Injury of head
  • Diabetes and obesity
  • Smoking
  • Ageing

Prevention
prevention

To prevent the occurrence of this disease, one needs to take care of following things:

  • Avoiding stress and anxiety.
  • Avoiding smoking.
  • Maintaining a healthy diet.
  • Getting regular checkup.

Doctors, Pioneers, Life Savers

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned institutions, our highly experienced doctors are distinguished experts in their respective specialities. Our doctors work full-time and exclusively across Medanta hospitals. In addition to offering superspecialised care in their own field, the Medanta organisational structure enables every doctor to help create a culture of collaboration and multispecialty care integration.

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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