What is Angina?

Angina is a term used for pain and discomfort felt in your chest. Also known as angina pectoris, angina is mainly caused by coronary heart disease. It is normally discussed as pressure, heaviness, pain or tightness in your chest. The blood supply to your heart is confined due to the narrowing of the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to your heart muscle. It is often brought on by an emotional upset, physical exertion or after a meal. This condition requires urgent medical attention as it may precede heart attack


The signs and symptoms related to angina are:

  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heaviness or tightness in your chest
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness


Some main causes of angina include:

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Physical exertion
  • Exposure to extreme temperatures


The prime risk factors include:

  • Tobacco use
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • History of heart disease
  • High blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels


  • Control high blood pressure
  • Stop smoking
  • Be physically active
  • Eat balanced diet
  • Reduce your cholesterol level

How is it diagnosed?

Your doctor will start by asking about your symptoms and by performing a physical exam. Based on the severity of your signs and symptoms, he might suggest you some tests.


How is it treated?

People with angina need certain surgeries to treat coronary heart disease from getting worse. Moreover, there are many medications available to help control your symptoms.


  • Angioplasty and stenting

    It is a sound treatment option for unstable angina cases. During this procedure, a tiny balloon is inserted in your narrowed or blocked artery.

  • Heart bypass surgery

    During heart bypass surgery, an artery or vein is used from other parts of the body to bypass a narrowed or blocked heart artery.

  • Medications

    Medications such as nitrates, beta blockers, statins, ranolazine, etc are often used to treat angina.

When do I contact the doctor?

You need to see your doctor if you are having severe chest pain or related symptoms. The symptoms should not be overlooked as they may lead many other heart problems.

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How does Medanta provide care?

The Heart Institute at Medanta is an integrated healthcare centre with a highly experienced, qualified, and dedicated team of heart surgeons, cardiologists, and radio..

Get treated in specialised institutes and departments

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