What is Hernia?

Hernia is a localized bulge in the abdomen that occurs when there is a weakness in the muscular wall. It is commonly found in the upper part of the stomach, bellybutton, and surgical scar. It is when fatty tissues or an organ protrudes and surrounds connective tissues or muscles, called fascia. This disease is common in overweight or aged people, who are inactive after abdominal surgery. Hernia is not always life-threatening, but it needs proper treatment because it does not go away on its own. It requires proper surgery to minimise complications.

Hernia Symptoms

The most common symptom of hernia is a lump or bulge in the affected area. It is mostly felt on standing up. Other symptoms include:

  • Pain in the affected region (mainly the lower abdomen).
  • Weakness, a feeling of heaviness, or a pressure in the abdomen.
  • Gurgling.
  • Burning or aching near the abdomen.

Hernia causes

Hernia is mainly caused by straining of weak muscles. It can take a while to develop or could also surface in a short period of time. Causes of muscle weakening include:

  • Picking heavy objects.
  • Constipation or diarrhoea.
  • Persistent sneezing or coughing.
  • Obesity and smoking.


Hernia Risks

The main risk factors of this disease include:

  • Heavy lifting.
  • Pregnancy (chronic).
  • Obesity.
  • Straining during bowel movements.


Hernia prevention ways

To prevent hernia, one should practice the following:

  • Avoid smoking.
  • Prevent a cough from becoming persistent.
  • Stay fit and healthy body.
  • Avoid straining during urination or bowel movement.
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects.

How is it diagnosed?

Hernia is usually diagnosed by a physical examination. The doctor will look for a bulge in the patient’s abdomen. It has been noticed that in a person with hernia the groin looks larger while sta...

How is it treated?

At Medanta, following are the treatment options available for hernia:


  • Laparoscopic surgery

     It makes use of a tiny camera and some surgical equipments to repair the disease, with the help of a few small incisions.


  • Changes in lifestyle

     Smaller and lighter meals are advised by the doctors.


  • Medication

    Prescription drugs help reduce abdomen pain. Antacids and proton pump inhibitors also relieve discomfort and improve systems.

When do I contact the doctor?

You should contact a doctor immediately, if you have pain near the pubic bone or abdomen, and experience other such symptoms. All of these will be treated just right with the help of our medical expertise at Medanta. 

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