Ocular Melanoma

What is Ocular Melanoma?

Ocular Melanoma is a rare type of cancer that develops in the eye. This type of eye cancer may occur in the front of the eye (on the outermost layer) and can affect the eye socket and the eyelid. Ocular melanoma is commonly abbreviated as ‘OM’. It is a dangerous kind of tumour that can spread and really be fatal. It commonly targets people above the age of 55.


The symptoms of this disease include:

  • Vision problems.
  • Blurred view.
  • Spots or dark patches in the eye.


The primary cause of ocular melanoma is unclear. It could be caused by a rare disorder known as primary acquired melanosis, which causes dark, brown and black marks on the conjunctiva.



The main risk factors of the disease include:

  • Being white.
  • Being exposed to ultraviolet rays.
  • Increasing age.
  • Light eye colour.


Ocular melanoma can be prevented by taking certain measures, such as:
Limiting exposure to UV rays.

  • Exercising regularly.
  • Reducing stress.
  • Following a proper diet.

How is it diagnosed?

In its initial stages, the doctor will prescribe eye drops to help ease out the symptoms. At Medanta, the means to diagnose include:


How is it treated?

A combination of more than two therapies is necessary to ascertain the size of the tumour, eyesight, and overall condition of the patient. At Medanta, the treatment may consist of:


  • Cryotherapy

    After skin excision, it is the second important procedure, for the treatment of a variety of benign and malignant lesions.


  • Normal surgery

    Surgery is another way to remove the tumour.


  • Radiotherapy

    This technique is used to treat the tumours effectively, while only causing little damage to the surrounding healthy eye tissue.


  • Chemotherapy eye drops

     It is used around the chemotherapy procedure. These eye drops are will restore your vision to a normal state.

When do I contact the doctor?

It is vital to consult a doctor in the primary stage of the disease, making it easier to diagnose and treat. If you experience the above mentioned symptoms persistently, immediately see a doctor.

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