Globe Rupture

What is Globe Rupture?

Globe Rupture' is a drastically disturbed condition of the whole outer state of an eye's membrane, caused by any blunt object or penetrating trauma. It is the damaged state of the globe or eyeball. An open globe injury can disrupt cornea or sclera, or both. This is one of the most serious eye injuries. This differs from blunt trauma to penetrating trauma, each having its consequences.

It is an ophthalmologic condition of the eye which requires immediate treatment by an ophthalmologist, as this injury can lead to a high frequency of visual loss and can be very painful to the eye. However, the eye can be rescued with the help of modern diagnostic techniques, surgical approaches, and rehabilitation.


Most common symptoms of this problem are as follows:

  • Pain.
  • Loss of vision or blurred vision.
  • Diplopia.


Globe rupture is any full-thickness injury to the sclera, cornea or both which can be caused by:

  • Penetrating or blunt trauma.
  • Penetrating injuries by scissors, knives, sticks, nails, etc.
  • Damage caused by chemicals, such as strong acids or industrial chemicals.
  • Eye injuries which occur in sports, such as baseball, basketball, martial arts, wrestling, etc.




Some common risks of globe rupture are:

  • Infection.
  • Postoperative endophthalmitis.
  • Exogenous endophthalmitis.



Following are some of the measures that can be used to prevent globe rupture:

  • Wear protective eyewear while using lawn-care or metalworking equipments.
  • Wearing protective glass shields while doing industrial work.

How is it diagnosed?

Globe rupture can be diagnosed by physical examination. This examination is done very carefully. The goal of our doctor at Medanta is to identify the defect and protect the ruptured globe.


How is it treated?

At Medanta, the following treatments are used to cure the disease:


  • Pre-hospital care

    Globe Rupture is a serious condition. It should be treated under the guidance of an ophthalmologist, but some pre-hospital care should be taken while transporting the patient. The ruptured globe should be saved from any pressure.

  • Non-ophthalmologists

    Sometimes it is treated by non-ophthalmologists. This includes corneal abrasions and also chemical splashes. If the globe rupture is acute, then it requires immediate ophthalmological care. Many a times, surgeons prefer to have intraocular lens implantation. Also, antibiotics are required to prevent any eye loss.

  • Fox shield

    For the treatment of this problem, a fox shield is placed over the affected area. Polystyrene foam cup may be placed instead of the fox shield. Any eye manipulation is avoided during the treatment, as it may increase the pressure of intraocular contents with potential extrusions.


When do I contact the doctor?

Eye injuries should always be thoroughly assessed.  If they are missed, they can cause sight-threatening infections. Eye injuries should not be ignored, and one should take immediate action, and consult a doctor. 

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How does Medanta provide care?


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