What is Amblyopia?

Amblyopia, also known as lazy eye, is an early childhood disorder of sight where the development of a child’s eyesight is not proper. The main focus of the brain is more on one eye than the other, resulting in decreased eyesight in other eye. The visual brain cells don’t mature generally if that eye is not stimulated in a proper way. If not diagnosed and treated at an early stage, this condition may cause lifelong vision loss. When it comes to research reports, this condition is estimated to affect 2-3% of all children.


Few symptoms that could be experienced are:

  • Blurred vision
  • Head tilting
  • Poor depth perception
  • Squint
  • An eye that wanders inward and outward 


The possible causes of this disease include:

  • Muscle imbalance
  • Deprivation
  • Unequal refractive error
  • Misaligned eyes


The prime risk factors include:

  • Premature birth
  • Family history of lazy eye
  • Droopy eyelid
  • Developmental disabilities
  • Eyelid tumor


This condition can be prevented by the recognition and treatment of astigmatism, cataract, and other sight problems.

How is it diagnosed?

Your doctor will start by conducting a proper eye examination, checking for eye health, wandering eye, and distinction in sight between the eyes.


How is it treated?

Treatment options depend on the cause of amblyopia and how much the condition is affecting the patient’s eyesight.


  • Eye patches

    In order to stimulate the weaker eye, an eye patch may be recommended to wear over the stronger eye. It is usually worn for 3 to 7 hours a day.

  • Corrective eyewear

    Glasses or contact lenses can rectify certain problems such as astigmatism, nearsightedness or farsightedness that result in amblyopia.

  • Surgery

    Specific surgical procedures may be taken into consideration for reconditioning the eye muscles.

When do I contact the doctor?

You need to visit your doctor if you are having specific eye signs and symptoms. Early diagnosis and treatment would help prevent any future eye problems.

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How does Medanta provide care?

From Cataract to Contoura Vision LASIK surgeries, the Ophthalmology division at Medanta, is designed to provide a comprehensive range of medical and surgical eyecare, which is dedicated to the protection, preservation, enhancement, and restoration..

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