What is Rosacea?

Rosacea or acne rosacea is a condition that majorly affects middle-aged women. The disease begins as redness on the face and progresses as small, red, painful, pus-filled bumps. It spreads to the chin, forehead, ears, and in many cases, to the chest or back. The condition can be controlled or treated with the help of medication but is not 100% curable.


The symptoms inlcude:

  • Reddening or flushing of the skin.
  • Persistent redness.
  • Bumps and pimples.
  • Eye irritation.
  • Plaques and dry appearance of the facial skin.
  • Skin thickening.


Although the exact reason for the disorder is unknown, a number of triggers include:

  • Abnormalities in blood vessels.
  • Reaction against microscopic mites on the face.
  • Exposure to sunlight.
  • Stress and diet.
  • Persistent exercise.
  • Changing weather conditions.
  • Over Consumption of hot drinks.
  • Alcohol and caffeine.
  • Certain food, especially spicy ones.



Some possible risk factors of the disease are:

  • Family history.
  • Fair skin.
  • Sun damaged skin.
  • Female.
  • 30-50 years of age.
  • Being menopausal.



The following measures can be followed to prevent the disease:

  • Avoid spicy or oily food.
  • Avoid stress.
  • Reduced exposure to sun.
  • Limited consumption of drugs and alcohol.
  • Keep your face clean and protected from sun rays. Apply skin-specific lotions or those that are medicated.
  • Take care of your eyes.
  • Wash eye makeup daily before going to bed.
  • Use artificial tears to keep eyes lubricated throughout the day.

How is it diagnosed?

Early diagnosis and treatment will prevent it from worsening. Although there are no specific tests, our doctor at Medanta will:


How is it treatment?

Currently, there is no cure for the disease. But, treatment and prevention can help get the condition under control. The disease needs long-term treatment. The path for treatment includes self-help, and medication, such as:


  • Oral medications

    Oral medications like Antibiotics that reduce redness and prevent infection from spreading.

  • Intense-pulsed light (IPL) treatment

    Doctors also recommend laser and intense-pulsed light (IPL) treatment. The procedure involves aiming a beam of light on visible blood vessels to shrink them and make them less visible.

When do I contact the doctor?

You should consult a doctor (dermatologist) for any persistent redness, and flushing of the skin.

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