Carcinoma Larynx

What is Carcinoma Larynx?

When cancer cells form in the larynx tissues, the medical condition is known as carcinoma larynx. Most cancer cells are formed in the thin and flat squamous cells that line the inside of the larynx. This type of cancer comes under the category of head and neck cancer. Carcinoma larynx is treatable, but the effectiveness of the treatment is based upon several factors. The stage of the cancer is the most important factor to consider, along with the exact location and the size of the cancer tumour. A person’s general health, age, and certain bodily parameters also determine the effectiveness of the treatment.


Certain signs and symptoms hint towards carcinoma Larynx, but these may also be a result of some other medical conditions. However, the common symptoms of carcinoma Larynx include:

  • A persistent sore throat and cough.
  • Discomfort or pain in swallowing.
  • Lump in the throat or neck area.
  • Hoarse voice.
  • Pain in the ear, which is a rare symptom.


Some causes of carcinoma larynx are:

  • Family history.
  • Age factor (40 and above).
  • Weak immune system.
  • Sexually transmitted disease (HPV)
  • Smoking and alcohol consumption.


Some common risks of carcinoma larynx are:

  • Airway obstruction.
  • Spreading of cancer.
  • Difficulty in eating.
  • Loss of voice.
  • Disfigurement.


Following are some methods that can help to prevent carcinoma larynx:

  • Avoid smoking.
  • Reduce alcohol intake.
  • Sexual hygiene.
  • Healthy lifestyle.
  • Reduced tobacco intake.

How is it diagnosed?

The very first step of diagnosis is a physical examination of the throat and neck area. Our specialist at Medanta will enquire about your general health, any smoking or alcohol use, previous illnes...

How is it treated?

The treatment for carcinoma larynx depends upon the stage of the cancer. Sometimes one or multiple treatments may be required to completely remove, and reduce the risk of the cancer from spreading . The treatment options for carcinoma larynx are:<..

  • Surgery

    If the cancer tumour is small, it may be easily removed through surgery. Understanding the treatment process helps a patient to be prepared, and also know what to expect. On the bright side, accurate treatment by specialists can completely remove the cancer, and stop it from spreading or affecting other body parts.

  • Radiotherapy

    For larger cancer tumours, a combination of surgery and radiotherapy is generally the most effective. Radiotherapy helps remove any cancer cells that may have been left and also reduces the risk of cancer from recurring.

When do I contact the doctor?

If you face any or few of the symptoms, it is always recommended to visit a specialist to know the exact cause. Early detection of symptoms, and an effective diagnosis aid in complete cure of cancer.

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