Ewing’s Sarcoma

What is Ewing’s Sarcoma?

Ewing’s sarcoma is a rare cancerous disease. It is a tumour in the bone or soft tissues. It has three common names - malignant small, round cell, and blue cell tumour. Ewing’s sarcoma occurs in common areas like the pelvis, the femur, the humerus, the ribs, and collarbone. A common genetic locus is responsible for a large percentage of Ewing’s sarcoma, and are grouped together as Ewing family of tumours. These tumours are not normally painful, but can hurt in certain cases. Sarcoma also grows in other parts of the body like in the back of the abdomen. It can cause pain in the stomach, as well as blockage and bleeding.

About 20% of this tumour begins in the stomach, about 10% on the outside of the chest, and 10% on the head or neck. Ewing’s sarcoma occurs in teenagers and young adults, with a male/female ratio of 1:6. Most people notice a lump in their legs and arm, which grows in weeks or months.


Symptoms of Ewing’s sarcoma are:

  • Severe abdominal pain.
  • Vomiting of blood.
  • Blood in stool.
  • Lump on the body.
  • Formation of new lumps.
  • Blood turns black.
  • Sticky stools.
  • Black, tarry stools.



The main causes of this disease include:

  • Fever, which does not seem to go away.
  • Lump around the surface of the skin.
  • Pain, swelling, and stiffness.



The main risk factors of this disease include:

  • Gender.
  • Age.
  • Genetic changes.
  • Race.



In order to prevent the occurrence of this disease, one should take care of the following:

  • Taking a healthy diet.
  • Regular check ups.
  • Drinking lots of water.

How is it diagnosed?

At Medanta, there are a number of tests that are used to identify Ewing’s sarcoma. The doctor will try to find out if the tumour is cancerous or benign, and how much it has spread in the body. A ...

How is it treated?

At Medanta, following are the means of treatment to cure the disease:


  • Chemotherapy

    It is the main form of treatment, after which the remaining tumour is removed by surgery. Approximately 70 to 80% patients are treated with chemotherapy.

  • Radiation therapy

    It is another highly effective form of treatment, which uses beams of intense energy to kill cancer cells. The procedure is conducted depending on the size of the tumour and the overall health of the patient, and the doctor’s preferences.

When do I contact the doctor?

You should immediately consult a doctor, if you begin to face symptoms like sticky stools, lump on the body, and blood turning black. All these symptoms will be treated just right by our medical expertise at Medanta. 

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How does Medanta provide care?


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