Benign or Malignant Lesions in the breast region

What is Benign or Malignant Lesions?

Due to public awareness of breast cancer, breast diseases are showing a rising trend worldwide. Benign or malignant lesions in the breast are the two most important terms to know for understanding breast injuries. The word ‘lesion’ comes from a Latin word 'Laesio' which means ‘attack or injury’. Lesions occur due to any disease or injury. They are an abnormal change in a tissue or organ. Benign breast lesions grow in non-cancerous areas where breast cells grow abnormally and rapidly. These cells form lumps but do not lead to cancer. They occur in a vast majority in the breast but are often neglected because they are not as dangerous as malignant lesions. These types of lesions do not spread but should be removed according to their size and location. They are also removed due to their abnormal appearance.

Malignant lesions are cancerous in nature and are threatening for the health after a biopsy. They are characterized by progressive and uncontrolled growth. These type of lesions must be removed immediately by a surgery.


Symptoms of the benign tumour are:

  • Feeling of pain in the affected area.
  • Fatigue and discomfort.
  • Fever.
  • Loss of weight.
  • Sweats at night.
  • Appetite loss.



The main causes of this disease include:

  • Exposure to radiation.
  • Genetics.
  • Diet.
  • Stress.
  • Local trauma or injury.
  • Inflammation or infection.




As discussed earlier, there is a risk of having breast cancer if the injury or tumour is malignant. On the other hand, patients suffering from benign lesion shouldn’t worry about cancer or any other serious infection.



In case of a malignant lesion, for preventing the tumour from spreading, vaccination and surgery are a good medium to depend upon. Vaccination has proved to be helpful in malignant lesions and sometimes in benign ones too. It improves the immune system, giving the body an ability to fight the disease.

How is it diagnosed?

Cancer is an ailment of rapid nature as the abnormal tissues grow very fast and end by becoming a poison for the body. It gets hard to diagnose at an

Cancer is an ailment of rapid nature as the abnormal tissues grow very fast and end by becoming a poison for the body. It gets hard to diagnose at an early stage, as the symptoms may not occur in every individual.

The benign tumour is not harmful, but when it becomes a malignant one, it is not possible to help the survivor in the initial phase. It is necessary to consult a doctor from time-to-time and also keep up health check-ups.

How is it treated?

The treatment includes:


  • Surgery

    Treatment of benign tumour does not require much effort, as it is easily removable. The use of certain medicines and other factors decreases the risk of breast cancer. Surgery and vaccination are also a part of the treatment. 

When do I contact the doctor?

You should immediately consult a doctor if you begin to face symptoms such as fever, weight loss, and loss of appetite. All these symptoms will be treated just right by our medical experts at Medanta.

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