Severe Burns

What are Severe Burns?

Burns, as commonly associated with injuries, is a condition in which the patient experiences a heightened burning sensation on the skin. Clinically, it is defined as a condition in which the skin is severely damaged, and so are the skin cells and tissues. Under severe burns, the skin cells will die. In this condition, the patient has to be treated under emergency to avoid further health complications. In human anatomy, skin regulates the body temperature and fluid. Under severe burns, skin loses its ability to control the body temperature. The body will also become susceptible to bacteria and virus attacks. Under any type of burn injury, swelling and fluid collection happens in the burn area. It is likely to break skin, and exposes the body to risk of infection.

According to W.H.O, an estimated 2,65,000 deaths every year are caused by burns, with the vast majority in low-and middle-income countries. Non-fatal burn injuries are a leading cause of morbidity, and occur mainly in home and at workplace.


The common symptoms of the disease may include:

  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Blisters


Some of the most probable causes include:

  • Scalds in young children
  • Open sockets
  • Bites on electrical cords


The main risk factors include:

  • Permanent scarring.
  • Excessive pain and irritation.
  • Redness of the burnt area
  • Pigmentation


In order to prevent the occurrence of the disease, one should do the following things:

  • Applying a cream over the burns regularly.
  • Protecting the skin from exposure to heat.
  • Keeping the wound clean

How is it diagnosed?

At Medanta, following methods are used to diagnose the occurrence of this disease: 


How is it treated?

At Medanta, the treatment for third-degree burns will involve: 


  • Medications

    Medications are given to prevent infection, and reduce pain. It is also the initial stage treatment to heal burn wounds

  • Surgical Intervention

    It is required to replace damaged skin or tissue, and normalize the blood flow

  • Surgery

    It is another means of treatment that will also reduce risk of infection by removing the debris collected in your skin, at the time of injury. The doctor will also try to make the skin look normal, with minimal scarring

When do I contact the doctor?

You should immediately see a doctor, if he faces symptoms like swelling, redness, pain, and blisters. All these symptoms will be treated just right with the medical help of our experts at Medanta.

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