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World Obesity Day 2022: Influences and Solutions

World Obesity Day 2022: Influences and Solutions

March 4th is World Obesity Day. Our country is undergoing a rapid socio demographic, nutritional and environmental changes. These changes along with a genetic predisposition is fuelling the epidemic of obesity related disorders such as Type 2 Diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and five cancers.


Obesity is a ‘disease’ characterized by an excess of body fat and it is more than a cosmetic issue.


Common determinants of Obesity :


  1. Genetics: If one or both parents are obese, a child is more prone to developing obesity. Hormones involved in fat management are also affected by genetics.
  2. Stress: Stress can adversely affect weight in both direct and indirect ways. Stress affects a variety of behaviours, including sensitivity to food cues and desires, which contribute to overeating or the consumption of high-calorie foods.
  3. Eating behaviours: People's food choices play a significant impact in influencing what foods they buy and consume.
  4. Emotional eating: Emotions and food are intertwined. People eat to cope with both positive and negative emotions, whether it's to celebrate a good day or a particular occasion, or to feel better after a bad day. Eating in response to emotions might become troublesome if it occurs frequently and on a regular basis.
  5. Physical Inactivity: When people consume more calories, they acquire weight. 


The 4 Ms of obesity outcomes


Specialists at Medanta use the 4Ms framework to comprehensively assess the associations and outcomes of obesity. These 4Ms are:


 1. Metabolic

Type 2 Diabetes


PCOS, etc.


 2. Mechanical

Sleep Apnea


Arthritis, etc.


 3. Mental



Eating Disorder, etc.


 4. Monetary



Benefits, etc.


Weight Management for Health Clinic


The journey of weight management is a life-long journey. The five vital pillars of weight management are: 

  1. Nutrition
  2. Physical activity
  3. Intensive behaviour therapy including stress management
  4. Drug therapy
  5. Surgical and non-surgical interventions


At Medanta, we provide comfortable, convenient yet comprehensive and personalized weight management involving state of the art novel interventions.



Dr. Jasjeet Singh Wasir
Endocrinology & Diabetology
Meet The Doctor
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