The shoulder joint is among the most vital and complex joints in the human body, allowing for a wide range of motion and flexibility. Still, it is also one of the most prone to injury, and shoulder dislocation is a prevalent condition among people of all ages and backgrounds. In this blog, we will discuss why shoulder dislocation should not be ignored and the importance of seeking timely treatment. We will also discuss the different shoulder dislocation treatment, including surgical and non-surgical methods.
A shoulder dislocation happens when the upper arm bone (humerus) comes out of the shoulder blade (scapula) socket. This can happen due to trauma, such as a fall or an injury to the shoulder, or due to a sports injury. There are different types of shoulder dislocations, including anterior, posterior, and inferior. Anterior shoulder dislocation is the most common type, accounting for approximately 95% of all shoulder dislocations.
Shoulder subluxation is called a partial dislocation of the shoulder joint. In this condition, the humerus bone comes out of the socket partially and then goes back in place. Shoulder subluxation is less severe than a complete dislocation, but it can still cause pain and discomfort. Shoulder subluxation can occur due to repetitive motions, such as throwing a ball or weightlifting, or due to traumatic injury.
Ignoring a shoulder dislocation can lead to a variety of complications and long-term effects. One of the most common complications is recurrent dislocation. If left untreated, the shoulder joint becomes more unstable and susceptible to dislocating again. This can lead to chronic pain and instability in the shoulder joint, which can affect daily activities and quality of life.
Another potential long-term effect of untreated shoulder dislocation is rotator cuff tears. The rotator cuff is a collеction of tendons and muscles that connect the humеrus bone to the shoulder blade. The rotator cuff may suffеr damagе in the еvеnt of a dіslocated shoulder, leading to partіal or complete tearing. Rotator cuff tears can cause severe pain, weakness, and limited mobility in the shoulder joint.
In some cases, untreated shoulder dislocation can also lead to arthritis. It is a condition that inflames and degenerates the joint, which can lead to chronic pain, stiffness, and limited mobility.
Non-surgical shoulder dislocation treatment options include immobilisation with a sling, physical therapy, and rehabilitation exercises. Immobilisation with a sling is often recommended to keep the shoulder joint stable and prevent further injury. Physical therapy and rehabilitation exercises can help improve strength, mobility, and range of motion in the shoulder joint.
Surgical shoulder dislocation treatment options include arthroscopic surgery and open surgery. Arthroscopic surgery is a type of minimally invasive surgery that uses small cuts and a miniscule camera to visualise and repair the damaged tissue in the shoulder joint. This procedure is often preferred over open surgery because it causes less trauma to the surrounding tissues and has a faster recovery tim e.
Open surgery is a more invasive procedure that involves making a large cut to access the damaged tissue in the shoulder joint. This procedure is often used in cases where the damage is extensive or if there are multiple injuries to the shoulder joint.
Before undergoing shoulder dislocation surgery, the patient will need to undergo a series of pre-operative preparations, including a physical exam, blood work, and imaging tests. The surgeon will also discuss the anaesthesia options and the risks and benefits of the procedure with the patient.
During the shoulder dislocation surgery, the patient will be placed under anaesthesia to prevent pain and discomfort. The surgeon will make small cuts around the shoulder joint and use a tiny camera to visualise the damage. The surgeon will then use advanced tools to repair the damaged tissue and stabilise the shoulder joint.
After the surgery, the patient will need to follow a strict post-operative care plan, which may include wearing a sling, taking pain medication, and attending physical therapy sessions. The recovery time varies depending on the degree of the damage and the type of surgery performed.
Potential complications of shoulder dislocation surgery include stiffness, arthrofibrosis, persistent of pain and rarely nerve injury.
In conclusion, shoulder dislocation should not be ignored, and it is important to seek timely shoulder dislocation treatment to prevent long-term complications and effects. Non-surgical treatment options such as immobilisation with a sling, physical therapy, and rehabilitation exercises can be effective for some patients. However, for more severe cases, surgical treatment options such as arthroscopic surgery and open surgery may be necessary.
Patients should work closely with their healthcare provider to determine the best course of treatment for their individual needs. Following a strict post-operative care plan and attending all follow-up appointments is essential for a successful recovery.
Remember, the shoulder joint is an essential part of our daily activities, and any injury to it can significantly impact our lives. If you doubt that you might have a shoulder dislocation, seek medical attention right away to prevent long-term complications and ensure a speedy recovery.
If you’re suffering from a shoulder dislocation, visit your nearest orthopaedic specialist today!