Schizophrenia: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
- 21 Feb 2023
- #Medanta Blogs
- #Medanta Hospital
- #Mental Health
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, acts, and feels. It's an illness that causes people to lose touch with reality gradually. It usually starts in young adulthood but can occur at any age. Schizophrenia has no cure. However, some medications can help treat symptoms and may reduce the risk of suicide for people with schizophrenia. Let's look at the symptoms, causes, and treatment options available for those with schizophrenia.
It's essential to recognize that there are two major categories of symptoms in schizophrenia: positive signs and negative symptoms. Positive symptoms include auditory and visual hallucinations, delusions, and disorganized speech, while negative symptoms include loss of motivation, lack of emotional expression, or interest in social interactions.
This type of schizophrenia is characterized by delusions, hallucinations, suspiciousness, or even paranoia. The individual may also be aggressive and have difficulty sleeping.
Individuals with this type of schizophrenia exhibit extreme emotional instability, resulting in disorganized thinking patterns that make it difficult for them to carry out daily activities like bathing or eating meals.
Some individuals may experience periods of psychosis (a loss of contact with reality) called "psychotic episodes." This can happen when your brain chemistry gets out of balance due to stress or illness. During these episodes, you may lose touch with reality and experience hallucinations—visual images that aren't real but seem real to you—or delusions—false ideas about things.
This type can include catatonic excitement (agitation with no apparent cause) or catatonic stupor (an inability to move). Catatonic schizophrenia consists of these symptoms and other psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions.
This type combines catatonic, paranoid, disorganized, and residual schizophrenia symptoms.
In this type of schizophrenia, you've had at least one episode of psychosis in the past but currently do not experience any psychotic symptoms. You may still have negative emotions such as depression or anxiety.
There are many causes of schizophrenia. Some of the most common include:
Schizophrenia treatment is a combination of medication, psychotherapy, and other types of therapy. Medication can help you to feel more relaxed, focused, and able to think clearly. Psychotherapy enables you to develop skills that will help you deal with problems in your life.
Other types of therapy may be necessary for people with schizophrenia or other mental health conditions such as bipolar disorder or depression (although these disorders are not directly related to the severity of the symptoms).
This includes group therapy sessions where patients meet regularly with others with similar problems; family therapy meetings where parents and relatives talk about how they feel about having someone diagnosed with schizophrenia.
Occupational therapy specialists work with people who need help getting back into work after being out due to their condition. Cognitive behavioural therapists focus on changing negative thought patterns, which affect behaviour patterns leading up to behaviours like speaking out loud when no one else hears them say something rude without meaning to!
Rehabilitation services include physical rehabilitation programs explicitly designed to help patients regain lost muscle mass while coping mentally through counselling sessions conducted by psychologists working closely alongside physical therapists to treat any injuries incurred during the treatment process.
Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness that affects millions of people worldwide. If you think someone you may know has the condition, it's essential to know that there are treatments available that can help control symptoms and make life more manageable.
Leave a Reply
Book Appointment with Dr. Shantanu Bharti
Prev THE EXCHANGE | Newsletter – Feb 2023
Next Understanding Alzheimer’s Disease Sympto...