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Mental Health Awareness: Symptoms & Disorders



Psychological, emotional, and social health all contribute to a person's overall behavioural health, which is also known as mental health. Changes how you feel, act, and relate to others. How well you handle stress depends in part on your state of mind. Mental health awareness plays an important role in your development from childhood into maturity.


What is mental health?


Psychological and behavioural changes are symptoms of mental (behavioural) health issues. They alter one's disposition and make it hard to carry out one's regular activities at home, at work, at school, and in the wider society.


A behavioural health condition is not always present when someone has poor mental health with a mental disorder. Also, it is possible to have a behavioural health issue while experiencing extended stretches of psychological wellness.


How can I recognize the signs of a mental health problem?


There is a wide variety of symptoms of mental health that may result from mental health issues.


  • Drug or alcohol abuse for fun.
  • Keeping to oneself and avoiding acquaintances.
  • Deviations in sexual desire.
  • Perception problems, such as illusion or hallucination.
  • An excessive amount of anxiety.
  • Lack of energy or quality sleep.
  • Sadness or a lack of connection to others.
  • Lack of emotional intelligence, or the inability to understand and respond to the feelings of others.
  • A state of extreme annoyance or rage.
  • An unhealthy preoccupation with one's outward appearance, one's weight, or one's diet.
  • Difficulty focusing, learning, or doing routine duties.
  • Rapid swings in mood, from depression to elation.
  • Self-harming behaviours or suicidal ideation.


Children with mental health issues may have trouble making ends meet. Perhaps you've noticed:


  • Gradual changes in their academic achievement or social behaviour within their peer group.
  • a lack of enthusiasm for once enjoyable pursuits.
  • Anxiety or stress to the point that falling asleep is feared.
  • Frequent outbursts of aggressiveness, defiance, or tantrums.
  • Lack of focus and inability to sit still are symptoms of hyperactivity.
  • Nightmares.


Most cases of mental illness are treatable with medicine, psychotherapy, or a combination of the two.


Disorders of Mental Health 


Some types of mental health and mental disorder includes- 

  • Tension and worry disorders


Generalized anxiety disorders, social phobias, particular phobias (such as agoraphobia and claustrophobia), panic disorders, OCD, and PTSD are all examples of anxiety disorders. When left untreated, anxiety disorders may severely limit a person's ability to function in everyday life.

  • Anxiety disorders


Disorders including oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), conduct disorder (CD), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are quite prevalent in youngsters (ADHD). These mental health conditions may be treated with psychotherapy, psychoeducation, and/or pharmaceuticals.

  • Manic depression


Manic depression has been replaced by the more accurate term bipolar affective disorder to describe a specific form of mood illness. Those who suffer from bipolar disorder alternate between periods of extreme mania (exuberance) and depression. The individual could or might not have psychotic symptoms. However, a strong genetic tendency has been proven, even though the precise explanation remains unclear. Episodes of this mental disease may also be brought on by environmental stresses.

  • Depression


Depression is a mood condition that causes a person to feel sad, unmotivated, and unable to take pleasure in anything. It's more than simply a gloomy mood. Mood disorders come in a wide range of presentations. Depression may range from mild to severe, and its symptoms might change over time. Depressive symptoms are associated with an uptick in the likelihood of having suicidal ideas or acting on them.

  • Problems with dissociation and dissociative disorders


Dissociation is a mental state in which a person becomes emotionally and psychologically detached from their own experiences. Dissociative disorders include a wide range of mental health issues, such as amnesia, fugue, depersonalization, and dissociative identity.

  • Problems with eating disorders


Anorexia, bulimia nervosa, and other forms of binge eating are only some of the eating disorders that exist. Males and girls alike are vulnerable to the mental and physical health risks associated with eating disorders.

  • Ritualistic behaviours


Anxiety disorders include obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Obsessions are undesirable and repetitive patterns of thinking, feeling, or doing. Anxiety-inducing and time-consuming, compulsions are a kind of obsessive behaviour. Medication and cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) are two common methods of treatment.

  • Paranoia


The constant and illogical fear that others are plotting to harm you characterizes paranoia. Paranoia may be a sign of mental health issues such as schizophrenia, bipolar illness, and delusional (paranoid) disease. Medication and counselling are both effective ways to treat paranoia.

  • Terror-Related Stress Disorder


People who have encountered any kind of trauma are at risk for developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a mental health disease. This may be anything from a vehicle crash or other major accident to a sexual assault, wartime atrocities, torture, or even a natural catastrophe like a flood or wildfire.

  • Psychosis


Psychosis sufferers often struggle with delusions, hallucinations, and mental confusion. Drug-induced psychosis, schizophrenia, and mood disorders are only some of the mental conditions that may cause psychosis. Psychotic symptoms may be reduced or eliminated with the use of medication and therapy.

  • Schizophrenia


Disruptions in thought and emotion as well as a warped view of reality are hallmarks of schizophrenia, a severe psychotic condition. Schizophrenia is characterized by a vast array of symptoms, including but not limited to hallucinations, delusions, mental disorder, social disengagement, lack of desire, and poor thinking and memory. It is not uncommon for people with schizophrenia to take their own lives. Split personalities do not characterize schizophrenia.




In most cases, those affected by mental health issues are able to control their condition. With the correct care, they are able to live productive lives. For some, dealing with the effects of mental illness will be an ongoing process. Many people report that their symptoms lessen or disappear altogether as they become older. In general, the prevalence of mental health problems is highest in persons aged 18–25 and declines dramatically beyond the age of 50.

Medanta Medical Team
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