Colorectal is a form of cancer impacting the colon or rectum, and it stands as the third most widespread malignancy in both genders, with over 1.8 million diagnoses recorded worldwide annually. In India, the incidence of colorectal cancer patients has seen a hike of 15-20% in recent years, affecting individuals as young as in their twenties and thirties, which is an alarming matter of concern, particularly since colorectal cancer is eminently preventable and treatable if caught in its initial stages.
Doctors accentuate that modifications in lifestyle, such as a lethargic lifestyle, poor dietary choices, and a dearth of physical exertion, have contributed to the increase of colorectal cancer cases in India. Per Dr. Singh, the following elements exert a substantial influence on the progression of colon cancer:
An alimentation that is abundant in red and preserved meats, fats, and saccharides and deficient in fiber can augment the likelihood of colon cancer. Conversely, a diet replete with fruits, vegetables, and unrefined cereals can decrease the peril of developing colon cancer.
A sedentary existence, marked by minimal or no physical exertion, can escalate the possibility of colon cancer. Conversely, habitual physical activity can aid in decreasing the hazard of developing colon cancer.
Corpulence is a contributory factor for colon cancer. Upholding a salubrious weight through a balanced diet and routine physical activity can assist in mitigating the likelihood of developing colon cancer.
Tobacco use and intemperate alcohol ingestion are contributing factors for colon cancer. Ceasing tobacco use and moderating alcohol intake can aid in decreasing the peril of developing colon cancer.
Prevention is key when it comes to colorectal cancer. Here are some strategies that can help the patient with colon cancer to reduce the risk of developing it:
Nourishment has a substantial impact on the progression of colon cancer. According to scholarly research, diets abundant in red and preserved meats, saturated and trans fats, and deficient in fiber can escalate the hazard of colon cancer. To mitigate the risk of colon cancer, it is advisable to restrict the ingestion of red and processed meats, fried edibles, and sugary beverages. In their stead, one should consume a diet replete with fruits, vegetables, unrefined cereals, and lean proteins.
Physical exertion is also a critical factor in averting colon cancer. Regular physical activity can decrease the hazard of colon cancer by elevating the metabolic rate of bile acids and reducing the duration of waste materials spent in the colon. It is advisable to participate in a minimum of 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity exercise per week to mitigate the hazard of colon cancer. Pursuits such as walking, jogging, cycling, and swimming are all efficacious in preventing colon cancer.
Tobacco use and alcohol ingestion have also been recognized as contributory factors for colon cancer. Smoking heightens the hazard of colon cancer through the deterioration of cellular DNA and can also induce inflammation in the colon. Alcohol consumption can escalate the hazard of colon cancer through the degradation of cellular DNA and the augmentation of bile acid production in the colon. It is advisable to abandon tobacco use and moderate alcohol intake to decrease the risk of colon cancer.
Periodic cancer screenings can aid in identifying colorectal cancer in its early stages when it is most manageable. The American Cancer Society advises that adults aged 45 years or older undergo screening for colon cancer. Individuals with a familial history of colon cancer or other contributing factors may require initiation of screening at an earlier age.