The large intestine becomes irritated and develops ulcers (open sores) as a result of ulcerative colitis (UC). It is a member of the inflammatory bowel disease subclass of illnesses (IBD). It frequently results in diarrhoea that is bloody, urgent, and cramping. These symptoms can occasionally cause someone to wake up in the middle of the night to use the restroom.
The rectum, which is near the anus, is where the inflammation in ulcerative colitis typically begins (where poop leaves your body). The colon may be partially or completely impacted by the escalating inflammation. The inflammation that appears in the rectum and lower part of the colon is known as ulcerative proctitis. Pancolitis is the medical term for when the entire colon is afflicted.
The consequences of ulcerative colitis can occasionally be fatal and draining. Although there is no known cure, there are several innovative therapies that can significantly lessen the disease's signs and symptoms and result in long-lasting remission.
It is still unclear what exactly causes ulcerative colitis. Previously, stress and nutrition were suspected. Researchers now understand that while these variables may worsen ulcerative colitis, they do not cause it.
Immune system dysfunction is one potential factor. An abnormal immune response results in the immune system targeting the cells in the digestive tract when it attempts to combat an invading virus or bacteria.
Additionally, it appears that hereditary factors contribute to the higher prevalence of ulcerative colitis in families with affected individuals. However, this family history is uncommon among those who develop ulcerative colitis.
The location of ulcerative colitis is frequently used by medical professionals to categorise it. The symptoms of each kind frequently overlap. The following are types of ulcerative colitis:
Over time, the symptoms of ulcerative colitis frequently grow worse. At first, you could observe:
Later you can also observe:
Pediatric ulcerative colitis symptoms are comparable and may also include sluggish or delayed development. It's crucial to let your physician know about all symptoms because certain ulcerative colitis symptoms in children might resemble those of other illnesses.
Your healthcare professional must rule out other conditions before making the ulcerative colitis diagnosis in children, teens, and adults. Following a physical examination, your doctor could suggest:
Surgery or drug therapy is often used to treat ulcerative colitis.
The treatment of ulcerative colitis may be successful with a variety of drug classes. The kind you need will depend on how bad your ailment is. Certain people may not respond well to certain drugs, while others may. It could take some time before you find a drug that works for you.
Additionally, you must balance the advantages and dangers of any course of therapy because some drugs have severe adverse effects.