Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a condition of the skin that leads to inflammation, burn, itchiness, redness, and cracks. In India, more than 28% of all registered cases of Eczema are that of children and can be attributed to environmental changes consequent to rapid industrial development.
There are no identifiable causes that point to Eczema but is believed to occur due to a combination of multiple environmental and genetic factors.
If both or one parent has an atopic disease, the child is at a higher risk of developing Eczema.
Environmental factors that can aggravate the symptoms of Eczema are:
Symptoms of Eczema will vary with age. Atopic dermatitis, or Eczema, is commonly diagnosed by the age of 5 years.
Common symptoms of Eczema in children under 2 years are:
Common symptoms of Eczema in children above 2 years until puberty is:
Common symptoms of Eczema in adults are:
Scratching and rubbing often worsen the condition. Care must be taken to avoid itching as much as possible.
Although there is no permanent cure for Eczema, treatment options and home remedies aim to manage and heal the itchiness and marks caused by the rashes.
There are a number of things one can do at home to relieve themselves of the constant itchiness and feelings of scratching. They include:
Your doctor may prescribe medications such as Corticosteroids creams and ointments, antibiotics, antifungal medicines, antihistamines, and barrier repair moisturisers.
Even though Eczema is not curable yet, dermatologists suggest specific treatment plans to suit each person. Once the area is healed, constant care must be taken so as not to trigger any irritations again.