The hepatitis B virus causes hepatitis B, a potentially fatal liver illness (HBV). It is a significant issue concerning global health. It considerably increases the likelihood of cirrhosis and liver cancer-related death and can result in chronic infection.
There is a safe and reliable vaccination that provides 98% to 100% protection against hepatitis B. Consequences such as chronic sickness and liver cancer could be prevented by preventing hepatitis B infection.
The Western Pacific Region and the African Region have the greatest rates of chronic hepatitis B infection, with 116 million and 81 million individuals affected, respectively. The Eastern Mediterranean Region has 60 million infected persons, the South-East Asia Region has 18 million, the European Region has 14 million, and the Region of the Americas has 5 million.
Symptoms of Hepatitis B:
Acute (short-term) hepatitis B infection is not necessarily accompanied by symptoms. For instance, it's unusual for children under the age of five to exhibit signs of infection.
If you do experience symptoms, they could be:
After contracting the virus, symptoms may not appear for one to six months. You may be feeling nothing. A third of those who have this illness are negative. Only a blood test can reveal this information.
Get in touch with your healthcare practitioner right once if you believe you have already been exposed to hepatitis B. If you get preventative therapy within 24 hours of being exposed to the virus, it can lower your chance of getting sick.
Get in touch with your healthcare practitioner if you believe you are experiencing hepatitis B symptoms.
Risk factors of hepatitis B infection:
Contact with blood, semen, or other bodily fluids from an infected individual can transmit hepatitis B. You are more likely to contract hepatitis B if you:
Diagnosis of Hepatitis B infection:
Since it is impossible to distinguish between hepatitis B and other viral hepatitis on the basis of clinical findings, laboratory diagnosis of the illness is crucial. Hepatitis B patients can be diagnosed and monitored using a variety of blood tests. They can be employed to differentiate between acute and persistent infections. To maintain the safety of blood and prevent unintentional transmission, the WHO advises that all blood donors be screened for hepatitis B.
Your doctor will examine you and check for any symptoms of liver problems, such as pale skin or abdominal pain. The following tests can be used to identify hepatitis B or its complications: