What is Prostatitis?

Prostatitis is a condition that arises due to abnormalities in the prostate gland. Prostate gland is a small, walnut shaped organ present in the male body and is responsible for producing the semen fluid. Prostatitis may lead to swelling or inflammation of the gland and may even result in harmful infections. The onset of prostatitis may be sudden or slow as the extent of the disease varies from person to person.


The symptoms of prostatitis include:

  • Problems in urinating
  • Burning sensations while urinating
  • Urgent or hesitant urination
  • Need to urinate multiple times
  • Presence of blood in the urine
  • Fever
  • Abdomen pain
  • Pain in the lower portions of the body
  • Irritation and ache in the penis area
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Pain during sexual intercourse


Prostatitis may be caused due to the presence of bacterial infection in the prostate gland. This condition arises when the bacteria from the urinary tract enter the prostate gland. Prostatitis may also be caused due to nerve damage in the lower urinary tract.


The risk of prostatitis increases with age. Other than age, the following factors increase the risk of prostatitis in people:

  • If the person has had a pelvic injury
  • If the person has HIV/AIDS
  • If the person has had a prostate biopsy
  • If the person is using a urinary catheter. (Catheter is a tube that is used to empty the urinary bladder)


The disease can be prevented by consulting a doctor as soon as one starts seeing the signs of any kind of urinary or prostate infection. Protecting the pelvic area by using protective gears can be used to prevent injury to the area. Limiting the intake of alcohol, tobacco products and staying hydrated also helps in preventing the disease.

How is it diagnosed?

The doctor diagnosis prostatitis by conducting a medical and physical examination of the patient. He also checks the medical history of the patient and conducts the following tests.


How is it treated?

The doctor treats prostatitis depending upon the cause and the extent of the disease. Foods which may increase the symptoms should be avoided by the patients. The doctor may use medications for treatment depending upon the type of bacteria that is..

  • Antibiotics

    Antibiotics are often prescribed by the doctors to lower the symptoms of prostatitis.

  • Alpha blockers

    Alpha blockers ease the muscles around the bladder and helps in reducing the pain and the burning sensations while urination.

  • Anti-inflammatory agents

    Anti-inflammatory drugs help in easing the swelling in the gland and make the patient feel better.

When do I contact the doctor?

The patient should be closely monitored for symptoms of prostatitis. One should consult the doctor as soon as they start noticing any signs or symptoms of the disease in a person. The appropriate treatment and the associated side effects should be thoroughly evaluated and discussed with the doctor.  

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How does Medanta provide care?

Medanta ensures expert care for its patients who are diagnosed with prostatitis at the Institute of Kidney and Urology. The institute is a unique resource for patients who are suffering from any disorder associated with the urinary system, includi..

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