Acute Interstitial Nephritis

What is Acute Interstitial Nephritis?

Acute Interstitial Nephritis is a common kidney disorder that causes swelling or inflammation in the kidney. The disease is often linked with certain infections, drug therapies or it may be caused by some unknown agent. Acute Interstitial Nephritis, if not treated properly, may lead to complete loss of kidney function and can be life threatening.


 Swelling of the kidneys can lead to a number of symptoms that include:

  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Body ache
  • Feelings of Nausea or vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Problems in sleeping patterns
  • Changes in the urinate quantity
  • Muscle cramps
  • Swelling of the limbs
  • Itching and irritation on the skin
  • High blood pressure


Acute Interstitial Nephritis may be caused by:

  • Drug Allergies
  • Kidney Infections
  • Deficiency of potassium in the blood.
  • Presence of excessive calcium or uric acid in the blood.


Some factors which increase the risk of Acute Interstitial Nephritis in people are:

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Family history of kidney disease
  • Unusual kidney structure
  • Age


Acute Interstitial Nephritis, in most cases, can’t be prevented. Limiting the use of medicines that lead to this disease help in reducing the risk factors.

How is it diagnosed?

The doctor diagnoses the disease by conducting a kidney biopsy, which gives information about the inflammation in the kidneys. An analysis of the urine tells about the specialized white blood cell...

How is it treated?

The treatment of Acute Interstitial Nephritis may vary depending upon the extent of the disease.


When do I contact the doctor?

One should consult the doctor as soon as they start noticing signs and symptoms of Acute Interstitial Nephritis in the patient. The prominent signs of any unusual kidney activity shouldn’t be ignored by the patient and should be thoroughly discussed with a doctor.

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How does Medanta provide care?

Medanta ensures expert care for its patients who are diagnosed with Acute Interstitial Nephritis at the Institute of Kidney and Urology. The institute is a unique resource for patients who are suffering from any disorder associated with the urinar..

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