Pelvic Prolapse

What is Pelvic Prolapse?

Pelvic prolapse is a disease in women that happens when a pelvic organ like the bladder drops from the regular position and pushes against the walls of the vagina. Pelvic prolapse happens when the muscles that hold your pelvic organs in their positions, become weak or stretched due to childbirth or surgery. Although many women are prone to pelvic prolapse after motherhood, it may not always cause complications of health.

It could also get better with time, without medication. One or more organs could prolapse at once. These organs are bladder, uterus, urethra, vagina, rectum and small bowel. The most common manifestation of pelvic prolapse is in the form of pelvic prolapse.



Symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse include:

  • Feeling pressure from pelvic organs pressing against the vaginal wall
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Increased frequency of urination
  • Feeling full in the lower belly
  • Feeling a pull or stretch in your groin area or pain in your lower back
  • Vaginal pain during sexual intercourse
  • Bowel problems like constipation


The major causes for pelvic prolapse are:

  • Childbirth which leads to weakening and stretching of pelvic muscles
  • Hysterectomy
  • Obesity
  • Age factor
  • Pelvic organ tumors
  • Frequent constipation
  • Long lasting cough
  • Hereditary factors 


The risks factors of pelvic prolapse are:

  • Multiple pregnancies and vaginal births
  • Increasing age
  • Pelvic surgeries
  • Genetic weaknesses in connective tissues
  • Frequent lifting of heavy weights



To prevent pelvic prolapse, you could adopt the following measures:

  • Treating and preventing constipation
  • Performing Kegel exercises regularly
  • Avoid lifting heavy weights
  • Controlling body weight

How is it diagnosed?

Diagnosis of pelvic organ prolapse is done using the following methods:


How is it treated?

If you have been diagnosed with pelvic organ prolapse but if you do not have any symptoms, you may not require treatments at all. Treatment decisions should take into account which organs are affected, how bad symptoms are, and whether other medic..

  • Lifestyle changes

    If symptoms do appear, the initial stages may be cured by the following means:

    • Doing kegel exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles
    • Maintaining a healthy weight
    • Avoiding stress on pelvic muscles, like lifting heavy weights
    • Eating fibrous food every day

  • Pessary

    A removable device placed in the vagina to provide support to the pelvic.

  • Surgical procedures

     If changes in lifestyle do not seem to be effective, or if the symptoms are extremely severe in nature, your doctor might suggest the following surgical procedures. Not all the symptoms may be cured with a single surgery. Therefore, multiple surgeries may also be recommended, based on your age and organs affected. Some symptoms may also remain after the successful completion of a surgery.

  • Hysterectomy

    The procedure involves removing the uterus if it is the prolapsed organ or the cause of pelvic prolapse of other organs.

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