World Arthritis Day – Common Arthritis Types You Should Know
- 14 Oct 2022
- #Medanta Blog
- #Medanta Hospital
- #World Arthritis Day
World Arthritis Day – Don’t Live with an Arthritis Pain
Arthritis is a condition where your bones and joints tend to swell and become tender. The primary symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness of joints that feel worse in the morning and in cold weather. Arthritis-induced joint stiffness keeps getting worse as age progresses.
World Arthritis Day is the best time to know and spread awareness about arthritis, its types, symptoms, and treatment. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Each has its own set of causes, symptoms, and treatment plans. Here are different types of arthritis you should know about:
Different Types of Arthritis
Osteoarthritis is one of the most common types of arthritis and it affects more people across the globe than any other arthritis type. In basic terms, osteoarthritis can be called the ‘normal wear and tear’ of the joints due to age or an existing condition like joint injuries, obesity, and any extra stress on the joints.
Knees, hips, feet, and spine are the joints in your body that bear the maximum weight and are highly vulnerable to getting affected by osteoarthritis. It often strikes gradually and keeps worsening the joint situation and movement without making the person feel sick or experience fatigue.
Osteoarthritis symptoms depend on the type of joint affected and the severity of the condition. Common symptoms of osteoarthritis include:
Rheumatoid Arthritis or RA is an autoimmune disease where the person’s immune system attacks their own parts of the body, specifically joints. RA, when left untreated, can cause severe inflammation and even damage the joints badly if not managed well. Most people affected with RA end up getting rheumatoid nodules or small lumps on their skin over joint areas that receive the maximum pressure like knuckles, elbows, and heels.
Doctors are still unsure about what causes RA and its symptoms either strike suddenly or come on gradually. RA symptoms may mirror the OA symptoms but are often worse than the latter. Here are some RA symptoms:
Lupus or SLE or Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Lupus or SLE is an autoimmune disease that affects your joints and multiple other organs of the body. Doctors are still unsure of the lupus causes but they believe it’s when the immune system goes for a toss and it starts attacking its own organs instead of the external stressors. It usually affects people between the age of 15 and 44 and more women than men are likely to get lupus.
Here are some of the common Lupus symptoms:
Gout is termed as the build-up of uric acid crystals in a joint, specifically the big toe or another part of the feet. In gout, you may have a sudden sharp and stabbing pain in your big toe which could be a result of drinking, drugs, stress, or any other factors that can trigger a gout attack.
A typical gout attack will last for 3 to 10 days, with or without treatment. Initial gout attacks may be spanned over time but you may experience frequent attacks as the intensity and time progress. Unattended gout disorder may lead to joint and kidney damage in the long run.
Causes for gout are:
Gout symptoms always come on in an instant and are palpable. Here are some noticeable gout symptoms:
Severe arthritis, specifically the one that includes your hands and legs is the most difficult to deal with and requires immediate and continual medical attention. See your nearest bone and joint specialist to successfully diagnose and treat the different types of arthritis.
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