Facebook Twitter instagram Youtube

What Is Asthma, Diagnosis, Symptoms, and Treatment


What Is Asthma, Diagnosis, Symptoms, and Treatment


When you have Asthma, your airways get narrowed and swollen, and you may create more mucus. Coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath are all signs of breathing becoming harder. Asthma might be a minor inconvenience for some individuals. For others, it may be a severe issue that hampers their day-to-day activities or even trigger an asthma attack that might be fatal.

Controlling symptoms rather than curing Asthma is the best way to deal with it. Keeping track of your symptoms and adjusting your therapy as appropriate is essential since Asthma may alter over time.


Asthma Symptoms


People with Asthma have a wide range of symptoms. Asthma episodes may infrequently occur, just at specific times (such as when exercising), or be constant.


Asthma's symptoms and indicators are as follows:


  • A feeling of being out of breath


  • Tightness or discomfort in the chest


  • A typical indication of childhood asthma is wheezing while exhaling.


  • Due to breathing difficulties, coughing, or wheezing when trying to sleep.


  • Asthma, a cold, or the flu-related coughing or wheezing


If you see any of the following, your Asthma may be becoming worse:

  • An increase in the frequency and severity of asthma symptoms

Increasing difficulty in breathing, as determined by a pulmonary function test (peak flow meter)

  • More frequent use of a quick-relief inhaler

Asthma symptoms may worsen for certain persons under specific conditions:

During cold and dry weather, cold and dry Air may worsen exercise-induced Asthma.

  • Chemical fumes, gases, or dust in the workplace might cause occupational Asthma.

Pollen, mould spores, cockroach faeces, or dried saliva and skin particles shed by dogs may produce allergy-induced Asthma (pet dander)


Asthma Causes


People with Asthma develop it for various reasons, although environmental and inherited (genetic) variables are undoubtedly at play.


Provokes Asthma


Many irritants and allergens (allergens) may cause asthma symptoms when inhaled. Each person's asthma triggers are unique; however, some common causes of asthma include:

  • Pollen, dust mites, mould spores, pet dander, and cockroach faeces are airborne allergens.
  • Colds, flu, and other respiratory illnesses
  • Physical activity
  • freezing Air
  • Smoke and other contaminants in the Air


Several pharmaceuticals have been linked to cardiovascular disease, including beta blockers, aspirin, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, including ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, and others) and naproxen sodium (Aleve)

  • Anxiety and a strong emotional response

Prawns, dried fruit, potato processing chemicals, and certain varieties of beer and wine all include sulphites and preservatives. When stomach acids flow back into the oesophagus, it is known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).


How Do Asthma Symptoms Become Known?


The sooner you tell your doctor if you're having problems breathing, wheezing, or experiencing chest tightness, the better your chances of getting an accurate diagnosis. You may be referred to a specialist by your primary care physician in certain instances. Asthma is usually diagnosed by a combination of your medical and personal history (during which your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and listen to your breathing), a physical examination, and a pulmonary function test (a breathing test to evaluate your lung function).

Your doctor may perform additional tests to assess the kind of Asthma you have and the severity of it. The severity of your Asthma and your type of Asthma will help your doctor choose the best course of therapy for you. Suppose the findings of previous tests aren't evident as to whether or not you have Asthma. In that case, your doctor may employ a breath test called a fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) test to determine the degree of inflammation in your lungs.

Only symptoms, family history, and a physical exam may be used to diagnose Asthma in young children. Asthma diagnosis procedures for children beyond five resemble those used to diagnose adults.


Asthma Medication and Treatment Options


Asthma attack has no cure, although it may be alleviated and prevented using quick relief and long-term therapy. Taking long-term control medication helps to lessen your airways' sensitivity to asthma triggers by decreasing inflammation. It's commonly taken in inhaler or tablet form regularly. Analgesics that act quickly to ease symptoms do so by loosening the muscles surrounding your airways and improving the passage of Air.

Asthma treatment


You and your doctor will work together to develop a treatment plan for controlling your asthma symptoms and avoiding episodes if you have been diagnosed with asthma. Asthma severity, age, and a patient's reaction to a particular therapy choice all factor into the decision-making process. Asthma symptoms may be addressed by adjusting your medication.

Most asthma treatment strategies incorporate long-term management of symptoms and short-term relief medicines. Among them are:


Medications for Constant Surveillance


Even if you don't have any symptoms, you should take this medicine daily to lessen the inflammation and development of mucus in your airways. Using this avoids asthma flare-ups by reducing the sensitivity of your airways to potential allergens. A long-term asthma treatment may not be necessary for everyone. Your doctor will determine your asthma's severity and the need for an inhaler.


Medications for Quick-Relief


Metered-dose inhalers, which offer quick-relief medicine, should be made available to everyone with asthma. Asthma symptoms that have just started are treated with quick-relief therapy. Your quick-relief drug should begin working within 10 to 15 minutes after taking it to ease the tightness in your airways. Inhalers for asthma quick-relief should always be kept on you, even if you don't use them. It would help if you learned how to utilize an inhaler.


When to See a Doctor for Asthma?


Make an appointment with your doctor if you are experiencing some of the asthma symptoms but do not have a diagnosis. A yearly visit to your allergist or primary care physician is essential if you already have an asthma diagnosis so that they can keep tabs on your condition. Don't hesitate to seek medical attention if you feel that your symptoms are becoming worse. Asthma, even when well-controlled, may sometimes become unmanageable, necessitating further treatment measures.

If your asthma continues to deteriorate despite your treatment plan, you may need to see a doctor.

Dr. Tanay Joshi
Respiratory & Sleep Medicine
Meet The Doctor
Back to top