Most of the times, lifestyle changes and diet adjustments are all that may be needed to fix gastrointestinal problems, some long-term conditions are more troublesome and may require surgery as a part of the treatment.
In the early days, traditional surgery required opening up the abdominal cavity with large incisions at the center of the abdomen. The advanced Keyhole surgeries require only small incisions to allow the instrument to pass.
Another type of surgery that mixes the two approaches is called hand-assisted surgery. In this type, a 3-4 inch incision allows the surgeon’s hand access to the operation site.
What are the advantages of laparoscopic procedures?
What are the conditions treated by laparoscopy?
Laparoscopy can be used to either treat or manage the symptoms of the following diseases:
What are the precautions to follow before the laparoscopic procedure?
Your doctor will recommend tests to understand your general state of health and how well you can tolerate anesthesia(PAC). These may include blood tests, ECG, Chest X-Ray, Lung function test, etc.
Your intestines will need to be cleaned and you may be prescribed laxatives to take on the evening before the procedure for surgeries of the colon. It is important to follow these instructions and ensure that you complete your course of medication. This is required to reduce the chance of you catching an infection from bacteria already present in the contents of your intestine.
What are the precautions to observe after the laparoscopic surgery?
After surgery, you may be given food the same day or may be fed with a tube and the diet will be restricted to liquid depending upon the surgery done. You may also be given pain medications to manage the pain, as required. The medical team will measure the fluid intake and the fluid lost through different drains and bags, if placed during the surgery.
Some people experience nausea and vomiting after surgery. This is the result of your intestines being temporarily disabled by the anesthesia given during the procedure.
You are given support for rehabilitation by trained physiotherapist and asked to walk regularly.