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Type 2 Diabetes: 5 Things You Need To Know

Diabetes is a progressive group of diseases (Type 1 and Type 2) that are caused due to the body's inability to process or respond to the hormone Insulin. Here are some things you need to know about its type-2 variant.


  1. What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

    Type 2 Diabetes is caused due to a condition called Insulin Resistance. This occurs when your body’s cells resist or are unable to produce enough amounts of insulin necessary to process sugar to maintain your required glucose levels.

  2. Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

    The signs and symptoms of Type-2 diabetes can develop over the years. Look out for common signs like:
    1. Increased dehydration and frequent urination
    2. Headaches, blurred vision due to elevated blood sugar
    3. Intense hunger due to a breakdown in sugar processing
    4. Weight loss
    5. Extreme tiredness due to sugar deprivation 

  3. Warning Signs of Type-2 Diabetes


    Type-2 Diabetes has advanced symptoms that can significantly affect your quality of life. Look out for signs like,
    1. Slow-healing sores and cuts
    2. Itching skin and recurrent yeast and urinary tract infections
    3. Type 2 diabetes can hamper your healing ability leaving you vulnerable to infections
    4. Skin pigmentation caused by Insulin resistance

  4. Controllable Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes


    Type 2 Diabetes can also be caused due to lifestyle factors like:

    1. Smoking
    2. Being overweight
    3. A sedentary lifestyle coupled with lack of exercise
    4. Consumption of red and processed meat, dairy products and sweets that are high in fats
    5. High levels of triglycerides
    6. Low levels of HDL (“good”) cholesterol

  5. Uncontrollable Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes

    You can also get Type- 2 diabetes due to uncontrollable factors like,

    1. Age - People above the age of 45 have a high risk of getting diabetes
    2. Hereditary factors - A history of diabetes in your family can significantly raise your diabetes risk profile
    3. Reproductive issues like PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) and gestational diabetes
    4. Medical History: Prior incidents of heart disease or stroke

Your Lifestyle Can Make a Difference in the Fight Against Diabetes!


You can improve your body’s ability to process insulin and sugar by engaging in regular exercise and following a controlled diet. Try to get at least 30 minutes of strength training and cardio every day and follow a low carbohydrate diet for optimum results.

Medanta Medical Team
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