Facebook Twitter instagram Youtube

Top 10 Back Strengthening Exercises

Stabilizing the lower spine and supporting the upper body may be accomplished via lower back pain exercise. Lower back discomfort may be lessened or avoided with their assistance.


After a back-strengthening workout, stretching the muscles may help avoid pain and injury. Additional advantages may include enhancing mobility and flexibility.


The lower back may be strengthened and stretched using the exercises in this article. When used in conjunction, they may be able to assist patients to reduce and managing their lower back discomfort.


Back strengthening Exercises 


Exercises like the ones below may assist to strengthen and stabilise the lower back. If exercises for the back cause acute or increasing back discomfort, it should be stopped and this information is for healthy person and not for specific medical condition foe which specialist consultant and physiotherapist input is advisable. 

1. Glutes 


There are many exercises that target the gluteus maximus muscle, which is responsible for forming the buttock. When someone stands up from a squat, they activate this muscle when they stretch their hips. Additionally, it aids in both external rotation and abduction, in which the knee and hip expand away from the body.


Glute bridges may be performed by following the following steps:


  • Place your feet hip-width apart on the floor with your knees bent. The palms of the hands should be facing upward while the arms are placed at the sides of the body.
  • Squeeze the gluteal muscles and tighten the abdominal muscles in the second step.
  • Take a step back and raise your pelvis. A straight line is formed through the shoulder, hip, and knee by lifting as high as possible for as long as possible.
  • Next, maintain your posture for a minimum of two seconds.
  • Take a few deep breaths, and then slowly return to the beginning position.
  • Go through the previous steps ten to fifteen times.

2. Bird-dog


The gluteal muscles are exercised by the bird dog. Back extensor muscles, which connect to the back of the spine and enable a person to stand, bend, and lift items, are also exercised.


Following these instructions will help a person conduct the bird-dog exercise:


  • Starting on your hands and knees, place your shoulders and hips exactly over your hands and knees, respectively, as you begin.
  • Stretch your right arm out in front of your body and tense your abdominal muscles.
  • Balance yourself while you hold the pose.
  • Take a few deep breaths, raise your left leg slowly, and stretch it straight behind you.
  • After you've reached step five, stay in that posture for 15 seconds.
  • Return to the starting position and repeat the exercise on the other side.
  • Repeat this step five times.


3. Plank


As a full-body workout, the plank stimulates the abdominals, but it also targets the arms, shoulders, hip flexors, and feet. The deepest back muscle, the quadratus lumborum, may be activated in this posture as well as the back extensor muscles. It goes all the way down to the pelvis, starting from the bottom rib.


Performing a plank as a part of lower back pain exercise may be done by following the following steps:


  • To begin, lie on your stomach with your forearms pressed to the floor and your elbows positioned perfectly in line with your shoulders.
  • Contract the muscles in the abdomen and glutes.
  • Lift the hips and both knees off the floor in the third step.
  • For 10–30 seconds, keep the pelvis in this posture but don't allow it to sink toward the floor.
  • Take a deep breath and slowly return to the starting posture.


4. Side plank.


With the side plank, the quadratus lumborum and the gluteus medius and tensor fascia lata are all targeted (TFL). Hip stability necessitates the use of these muscles.


To do a side plank, complete the following movements:


  • Lie on your right side with your right leg bent and your left leg straight, with your foot flat on the floor. Keep the forearm of the right arm stretched in front of the right shoulder.
  • Lift the right hip off the floor while tensely contracting the abdominal muscles in step two.
  • Lift the right knee off the floor to straighten the right leg and stack the feet on top of each other in step 3.
  • Hold the posture for 10 to 30 seconds while maintaining a straight body.
  • Take a deep breath and slowly return to the starting posture.

5. ADIM 


To keep the spine and hips in proper alignment, you need strong abdominal muscles. Lower back discomfort may be caused by weak abdominal muscles and a weak core.


An abdominal muscle called the transversus abdominis (TA) serves to support the spine by contracting in the lumbar spine region. TA strength may be improved via the abdominal drawing-in manoeuvre (ADIM).


The ADIM procedure consists of the following steps:


  • Lay on your back with your legs bent and your arms resting on your hips.
  • Keep your spine neutral and draw your belly button toward your spine.
  • The third step is to exhale.
  •  Exhale while tightening the abdominal muscles and pulling the belly button toward the spine. 
  • Hold the position for 10 seconds, then release. 

6. Crunches 


Strengthening the core with abdominal crunches improves spinal support and hip alignment. In order to do abdominal crunches, you must perform the following movements:


  • Lie on your back with your knees bent, your feet flat and hip-width apart, and your back against the floor.
  • Second, cross your arms over your chest or reach down to your feet.
  • As you exhale, tighten your abs and raise your chin and shoulders off the floor.

7. Knee-to-chest exercises


Lower back discomfort and strain may be alleviated by doing knee-to-chest stretches. You may do this stretch by putting your knees to your chest.


  • First, get on your back and place your legs flat on the floor.
  • Bend the knee of the right leg toward the chest and lift it.
  • Next, using both hands, bring the right knee in toward your chest and repeat on the other side.
  • For many seconds, place your right knee on your chest in step four.
  • Go back to the beginning.

8. Kneeling back extension


The lower back muscles may be stretched with the kneeling back extension, which reduces discomfort and tension there. Following these instructions will help a person accomplish the kneeling back stretch:


  • A good place to begin is with legs hip-width apart and shoulders immediately over hands, as in Step 1.
  • In the second step, bend your lower back and draw your belly button toward your spine to create a rounding of the spine.
  • Aim to stay in this posture for at least five seconds.
  • Next, gently rock your hips back and forth, bringing your buttocks down to your heels as near as possible. Make sure your arms are fully extended in front of you.
  • Take a deep breath and hold the posture for five seconds.
  • Gently rock your way back to where you started. Then, do it 10–15 times.

9. Sitting side straddle with a few tweaks


The hamstrings, abductors, and extensor muscles of the middle and lower back are all stretched during the sitting side straddle exercise. Following these procedures is necessary for a person to sit side straddle:


  • Lie on your back with your legs out in front of you, flat on the floor. The legs should create a "V" shape if the feet are far enough apart.
  • Bend the left leg, bringing the left foot up to the right knee and letting the left knee fall out away from the body.
  • Bend from the hips and reach toward the toes of the right foot while keeping the back straight.
  • To finish, slowly circle the spine and lower the head till it is as near to the right knee as possible while bringing the hands to the ankle or shin on the right.
  • After 30 seconds of holding the position, take a 30-second break. 

10. Pull-ups on the back


When it comes to developing a strong back, the lat pulldown is an essential exercise. A lat pulldown may be done on a gym machine or with a resistance band.




  • If you're using a machine, place the pad directly on your thighs. Make sure your hands are wider than shoulder-width apart when you grip the bar.
  • Bend your elbows and direct them toward the floor as you begin to draw the bar toward your chest. Throughout the action, keep your upper and midback muscles engaged. Maintain a straight torso and don't allow yourself to slouch down.
  • Then, do 1–3 sets of 8–12 repetitions.




When done in tandem, back pain relief exercises may assist increase the lower back's strength, stability, and flexibility. They may be able to ease and avoid lower back discomfort by doing this. You should immediately stop practising any of the back exercises above if they worsen your back discomfort.

Dr. Rajiv Ranjan Sinha
Meet The Doctor
Back to top