Everyone’s blood naturally contains cholesterol, which promotes the proper functioning of cell membranes, hormone levels, and other processes. A serious risk factor for heart attack, heart disease, and stroke is high blood cholesterol. It is also known as hyperlipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, or high cholesterol. High cholesterol affects 71 million Americans on average.
The waxy cholesterol accumulates in the arterial walls and helps form plaque, a hard deposit that causes artery narrowing and obstruction. This condition is sometimes referred to as atherosclerosis. When plaque accumulates, the heart has a harder time pumping blood and oxygen, which can result in chest discomfort (angina) or shortness of breath when exercising excessively. A blood clot at the site of a ruptured plaque in a constricted artery might impede blood flow to the brain or the heart, resulting in a stroke or a heart attack.
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is one of a number of distinct forms of cholesterol. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and other types of high levels of cholesterol can be detrimental to your heart and blood vessels.
It is beneficial to adhere to the following behaviors to maintain blood cholesterol levels in an acceptable range:
Some of the other measures can be helpful in the prevention of high cholesterol:
Treatment of high cholesterol:
Only one in three individuals with high LDL cholesterol have control over their condition. Based on your cholesterol levels and other risk factors, such as a family history of cardiovascular disease, the main objective of treatment is to lower, or regulate, your LDL level to reduce your individual danger of a heart attack or cardiovascular disease. The first line of defense against high cholesterol is changing one’s lifestyle via activities like exercise and good eating. However, your doctor could suggest medication if you’ve made these significant lifestyle changes but your cholesterol levels are still high.
The selection of a drug or combination of drugs is influenced by a number of variables, including your individual risk factors, age, state of health, and potential drug side effects.
Medications used for the treatment of high cholesterol: