The body goes through several changes as a person ages. Though ageing and its effects differ from person to person, problems with the digestive and cardiovascular system, memory, bones, muscles, joints and others are known to mount as one ages. But, according to doctors, all of these issues can be managed effectively and even people in their 80s can lead active lives.
Digestive issues are usually signs that the body is not getting ample fluids and the person is living on a low-fibre diet. Often, the commonest digestive issue faced by elders is constipation. The side effects of certain medicines can also give rise to this condition.
Problems with The Cardiovascular System:
Blood vessels become less flexible with age, making it harder for blood to flow smoothly throughout the body. The build-up of plaque in the artery walls disrupt blood flow to the heart. This increases the risk of issues like arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), coronary artery disease, heart failure, angina (chest pain), and arrhythmias (irregular heart beat).
Losing one’s memory is a harsh reality of ageing. It becomes difficult to remember things as easily as before and disrupts daily routines as a result of it.
With age, the size and density of bones diminish. This sometimes becomes serious and takes the form of osteoporosis, a bone degenerative disease. The loss of bone density is higher in post-menopausal women, due to gradual decline in female hormones called oestrogen and progesterone. As a person ages, a condition called sarcopenia can occur which is known to reduce muscle mass and strength, which in turn affects performance of routine activities.
With age, the skin starts getting thinner and fragile and become easily prone to cuts or injuries. Certain underlying skin diseases like eczema can manifest as one gets older, that results in dry and scaly patches on the skin, which are itchy and irritating.
Complications of the Eyes and Ears:
Eye problems such as cataract, blurred and low vision, and
glaucoma (damage to optic nerve of the eye) develop with age. Ears might also lose the ability to hear
properly and the support of hearing aids might be needed.
It should be noted that many health conditions are normal in the ageing process, especially when someone turns 80. It doesn’t necessarily mean aggravated health problems. Even as a person begins ageing, certain steps like maintaining a healthy lifestyle by eating right, hydrating the body, and exercising regularly can make a big difference.
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