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How to Choose the Right Orthopaedic Surgeon for Shoulder Joint Replacement?

Shoulder replacement surgery, also called shoulder arthroplasty, is an operation that changes the broken or worn out parts of the shoulder joint to artificial parts or prostheses. It's usually suggested for people having extreme shoulder pain, tightness, and little movement caused by illnesses such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or a rotator cuff tear. 

 

Shoulder replacement can enhance a patient's lifestyle, so it is important to pick the proper orthopaedic surgeon to make sure the best result is achieved. In this article, we are going to talk about selecting the best orthopaedic surgeon for replacing a shoulder joint, including thinking about the kinds of shoulder prostheses and surgical methods used.

 

Understanding Shoulder Replacement

 

Shoulder joint surgery is when you take out the broken or affected parts of the shoulder joint and replace them with artificial joints or prosthesis. There are two types of shoulder joint replacement surgery, total shoulder replacement and reverse shoulder replacement. The surgeon switches out the whole ball and socket of the shoulder joint with an artificial one in a total shoulder replacement. 

 

This sort of replacement is normally suggested for persons with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis who have affected both the ball and socket of the shoulder joint. The surgeon changes the place of the ball and socket in a reverse shoulder replacement, having the ball on the shoulder blade and the socket on the upper arm bone. This kind of swap is usually suggested for people who have irreparable rotator cuff tear or had earlier shoulder surgery that didn't work. It is also used for Proximal Human fractures which cannot be fixed.

 

Reasons for Shoulder Joint Replacement Surgery

 

Replacing the shoulder joint is usually proposed to people who have bad shoulder pain, tightness, and restrained movement because like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis irreparable rotator cuff tear. These conditions can lead to damage in the shoulder joint, which could lead to bone loss, swelling and cartilage damage. Shoulder joint replacement surgery can help to alleviate these symptoms and restore the patient's mobility and quality of life.

 

Benefits and Risks of Shoulder Joint Surgery

 

The advantages of shoulder replacement surgery are freedom from pain, increased range of movement, and improved functionality of the shoulder joint. However, like any surgery, there are risks involved. These risks involve infection, bleeding, blood clots, nerve damage, and issues with the prosthesis. It is important patients talk with their surgeon about these risks prior to the procedure.

 

How to Choose the Right Orthopaedic Surgeon?

 

Picking the appropriate orthopaedic surgeon for shoulder joint replacement is crucial to make sure the best possible result. When picking a surgeon, here are some things to remember: 

 

  1. Credentials and Experience: It's important picking a surgeon who is well qualified and has done specialised training in shoulder surgery. 
  2. Specialty and Expertise: Some orthopaedic surgeons specialise in particular areas of joint replacement surgery, like shoulder joint replacement. Seek out a doctor who has an interest in shoulder replacement surgery and has treated people with similar issues as you.
  3. Reputation and Reviews: Look at online reviews and ratings to get an idea of the surgeon's reputation and how happy patients are. Talk to friends and family who had shoulder joint replacement surgery and ask for their advice.
  4. Availability and Communication: Pick a surgeon who is easy to get a hold of to answer your questions and worries before and after the surgery. Look for a surgeon that's patient, attentive, and takes the time to explain the procedure and aftercare in detail.

 

Types of Shoulder Prosthesis

 

Two types of shoulder prosthesis are used in shoulder surgery and shoulder joint replacement. 

  1. Anatomical Shoulder Prosthesis: Anatomical prosthetic shoulders are made to copy the normal shape and motion of the shoulder joint. They have a metal ball connected to the upper arm bone and a plastic socket attached to the shoulder blade. This kind of prosthesis is usually suggested for people who have a good bone condition and a good rotator cuff.
  2. Reverse Shoulder Prosthesis: Reverse shoulder prosthesis are made to make up for a broken or not working rotator cuff. They have a metal ball attached to the shoulder blade and a plastic socket attached to the upper arm bone. This type of prosthesis lets the patient use the deltoid muscle to raise the arm rather than depend on the rotator cuff muscles. Reverse shoulder prosthesis is typically recommended for patients who have had a rotator cuff tear or an earlier shoulder surgery that didn't work.

 

Shoulder Joint Surgery Procedure

 

Patients will typically get a preoperative evaluation before having shoulder joint replacement surgery to check their health and see if there is anything that could raise the risks of problems. This evaluation may include blood tests, imaging studies, and a physical exam.

 

On the day of surgery, patients will receive general anaesthesia so that they can sleep through the procedure. The surgeon will then cut into the shoulder area and take out the broken pieces of the shoulder joint. They will then put in the chosen type of prosthesis and fix it with screws or cement. The cut will be sewn up or stapled, and the person will be taken to a recovery space to start the post-op care and rehabilitation process.

 

Conclusion

 

Picking the correct orthopaedic doctor for shoulder joint replacement is important to make sure the best result. Patients should look at the surgeon's credentials, specialty, reputation, and how they communicate when choosing one. Also, patients should know the kind of shoulder prosthesis there are and the surgery, plus the aftercare and recovery. With careful thought and the help of a skilled orthopaedic doctor, patients can gain better movement and life quality after shoulder joint replacement surgery. a

Medanta Medical Team
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