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Clarion Call to Combat for World Pneumonia Day 2023

World Pneumonia Day is an annual event that takes place on November 12th, designed to raise awareness and action against pneumonia. It is a day dedicated to focusing attention and resources on this deadly disease, which kills over 2 million children worldwide each year. This year, Medanta joins the Clarion Call to Combat for World Pneumonia Day 2022 by making sure everyone is aware of the signs and symptoms of pneumonia, what causes it, the different types of pneumonia – bacterial or viral – as well as how to prevent it. Together, we can make a difference in the fight against this deadly disease!


Pneumonia in Context:


Pneumonia is more than just a respiratory infection; it is an infectious disease that is one of the leading causes of death among children under five years old in low- and middle-income countries. It has been estimated that pneumonia kills more children globally each year than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined.


A Call for Change:


The Clarion Call to Combat for World Pneumonia Day 2022 initiated by Medanta aims to raise awareness and take action against pneumonia. It is essential that healthcare providers are aware of the signs, symptoms, causes, and treatments of pneumonia so they can properly diagnose and treat it in their patients. Moreover, education about prevention should be provided to families affected by this illness. Vaccines, nutrition programs, improved indoor air quality, access to clean water, and sanitation systems are all measures that need to be implemented to reduce the incidence of pneumonia amongst vulnerable populations.


Global Efforts to Combat Pneumonia:


At the global level, organizations such as GAVI – The Vaccine Alliance – have been instrumental in providing life-saving vaccines for children in low-income countries at risk of contracting pneumococcal diseases like pneumonia. In addition, initiatives such as The Global Coalition Against Child Pneumonia (GCACP) bring together governments from around the world with partners from civil society and philanthropic organizations united with one common goal: reducing childhood deaths due to pneumonia worldwide by 2030.


The Role of Healthcare Providers in Treating Pneumonia:


Healthcare professionals play an important role in treating and preventing pneumonia-related illnesses. Accurate diagnosis of the type of pneumonia – bacterial or viral – is critical when determining the course of treatment; antibiotics may be needed for bacterial infections while antivirals may be prescribed for viral infections. Furthermore, healthcare professionals must ensure their patients are immunized against pneumococcal diseases through vaccination as recommended by national health authorities and WHO guidelines.


Symptoms of Pneumonia:


When it comes to the symptoms of pneumonia, common signs include fever, chills, coughing up greenish-yellow mucus (known as sputum), chest pain, and difficulty breathing. Other symptoms can include headaches, sweating, fatigue, loss of appetite, and shortness of breath. In more severe cases, confusion or delirium can occur due to oxygen deprivation in the brain.


Diagnosing Pneumonia:


In order to diagnose pneumonia accurately and quickly, medical professionals must be able to differentiate between other types of lung infections such as bronchitis or asthma. To do this, doctors will typically conduct a physical exam along with chest x-rays or CT scans to look for any signs of inflammation or fluid build-up in the lungs that point towards pneumonia. Additionally, blood tests may be done in order to identify any underlying causes such as a bacterial or viral infection that could be responsible for causing the condition.


Treatment Options:


There are different treatment options available depending on the severity of the infection. Milder cases may be treated with oral antibiotics at home while more serious cases may require hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics administered directly into the bloodstream. In addition to antibiotics, other treatments such as supplemental oxygen therapy and respiratory therapies may also be used to help improve breathing function and reduce discomfort associated with the condition.


Prevention Tips: 


In addition to seeking proper medical care when needed, there are some important preventive measures you can take in order to reduce your risk of developing pneumonia. These measures include getting an annual flu vaccination which helps prevent seasonal flu viruses from infecting your lungs; avoiding contact with people who have colds; washing your hands frequently; getting enough rest; avoiding smoking; eating a healthy balanced diet, and exercising regularly in order to optimize overall health and immunity against illnesses like pneumonia.




We cannot ignore this clarion call any longer - we must act now! Education about prevention remains key in helping reduce cases of this dreaded disease worldwide; collaboration between governments, medical institutions, public health agencies, and other stakeholders will also help us reach our collective goal of saving lives from deadly conditions like pneumonia.


Together we must do all we can to engage communities in understanding what causes pneumonia so they can take steps towards prevention – proper nutrition and hygiene being two major factors here – as well as make sure healthcare providers have access to accurate diagnosis tools so they can provide proper care accordingly.

Dr Tejveer Singh
Respiratory & Sleep Medicine
Meet The Doctor
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