Vitrectomy is a surgical process done to remove a jelly-like transparent tissue from the middle of the eye. This transparent jelly-like tissue is called vitreous humour and it m...
Vitrectomy is a surgical process done to remove a jelly-like transparent tissue from the middle of the eye. This transparent jelly-like tissue is called vitreous humour and it may be infused with blood. The main purpose of the surgery is to remove blood from the vitreous gel if the blood does not clear out on its own. This condition is called vitreous haemorrhage.
Vitrectomy efficiently treats vitreous haemorrhage. This process gives the surgeon a better view of the back of the eye and many other diseases can be treated by this. The surge...
Vitrectomy efficiently treats vitreous haemorrhage. This process gives the surgeon a better view of the back of the eye and many other diseases can be treated by this. The surgery is also performed in the case of retinal detachment (pulling away of the retina from the tissues surrounding it).
Steps to take before the procedure
After the consultation, the doctor will have a brief discussion with the patient about the procedure, post-surgery care, and the complications involved. The surgery is generally done on an outpatient basis, but in some cases, a hospital stay of one day is required.
What happens during the procedure?
The surgery is performed under anaesthesia. The surgeon uses small tools and instruments to make very thin, almost needle-like incisions in the eye walls. The surgeon then removes the vitreous gel through the incisions. To see inside the eyes, fiber-optic lights are used. At last, after treating the problematic part of the eye, the surgeon may inject a fluid or an oil bubble into the eye. These bubbles press the retina so that it stays flat against the wall of the eye. If the oil bubble is inserted into the eye, it has to be removed when the eye heals.
After the procedure
The patient may have to visit the hospital 4-5 times after the surgery to follow up on the treatment. The patient is also given eye drops to be used for a month or more, depending upon the gravity of the surgery. The patients are also advised to lie in the position as prescribed by the doctor, as the injected eye bubble may shift due to change in positions.
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