Breast Cancer

What is Breast Cancer?

The breast is comprised of organs called lobules that can make drain and thin tubes called conduits that convey the drain from the lobules to the nipple. Breast tissue likewise contains lymph nodes, fat and connective tissue, arteries and veins. Breast cancer is a cancer that starts in the cells of the lobules or in the different tissues of the breast. The cancer may be of various types. Breast cancer that has spread from where it started in the pipes or lobules to encompassing tissue is called intrusive breast cancer. In incendiary breast cancer, the breast looks red and swollen and feels warm on the grounds that the tumour cells hinder the lymph vessels in the skin.


Many people who have breast cancer symptoms and signs will at first notice just a single or two, and the nearness of these side effects and signs don't naturally imply that you have breast cancer. 

  • There is a change in how your nipples or your breast feels
  • There is a change in the appearance of the nipples or the breasts.
  • Clear discharge of blood from the nipples. 


When you're informed that you have breast tumour, it's normal to question, what may have brought on the infection. But no one has been able to tell the exact cause of breast cancer. Specialists from time to time know why one lady creates breast cancer and another doesn't, and most ladies who have breast cancer will never have the capacity to pinpoint a particular correct cause. What we do know is that breast cancer is constantly brought on by harm to a cell's DNA.


The factors which increase the risk of breast cancer are:

  • Gender: Breast cancer happens almost 100 times more frequently in ladies than in men.
  • Age: Two out of three women who have invasive cancer are diagnosed only after age 55.
  • Race: Breast cancer is analyzed more regularly in caucasian females than females of different races.
  • Family History and Genetic Factors: If your mom, sister, father or kid has been determined to have breast cancer, you have a higher danger of being determined to have breast cancer later on. The hazard increases if your relative was diagnosed before the age of 50.
  • Menstrual and Reproductive History: Early monthly cycle (before age 12), late menopause (after 55), having your first child at a more established age, or failing to have conceived a child before can likewise expand your hazard for breast cancer.
  • Certain Genome Changes: Mutations in specific genes, for example, BRCA1 and BRCA2, can expand your chances of breast cancer. This is resolved through a genetic test, which you may consider taking on the off chance that you have a family history of breast cancer. People with these gene mutations can pass the gene mutations onto their kids.
  • Dense Breast Tissue: Having dense breast tissue can expand your hazard for breast cancer and make lumps harder to identify. Make sure to inquire as to whether you have dense breasts and what the ramifications of having dense breasts are.


Breast cancer can be prevented by:

  • Getting enough exercise
  • Taking selective estrogen receptor modulators, estrogen-only hormone therapy after hysterectomy, or aromatase inactivators and inhibitors
  • Less exposure of breast tissue to estrogen made by the body
  • Ovarian ablation
  • Risk-reducing mastectomy 

How is it treated?

Breast cancer is treated depending on its type and stage. There are two types of treatments used for curing breast cancer.


  • Local treatments

    In this type, the tumour is treated either by surgery or by radiation therapy without affecting any other part of the body.

  • Systemic treatments

    In this type of treatment, the cancer is cured by using different types of drugs which are given either by mouth or are directly mixed into the bloodstream. This treatment is coupled with targeted therapy, hormone therapy and chemotherapy.

When do I contact a doctor?

One should contact the doctor if one starts noticing the prominent signs and symptoms of breast cancer.

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How does Medanta provide care?

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