Extensive Wound or Trauma

What is a Traumatic Wound?

An extensive wound or trauma is a severe damage to the soft tissues in the skin. It is a medical condition in which the soft tissues of the skin sustain injury or break down. These severe wounds or injuries can occur after accidents, or due to violence. These accidents may occur at home, or typify road accidents. It can be a self-inflicted wound or somebody else causing skin injury to you. There can be deep cuts by a knife, skin abrasions from metal or glass, skin crushing, animal bites, or bullet injury. A large proportion of people surviving their injuries incur temporary or permanent disabilities.


It can be typically identified as a medical condition, in which there are deep cuts, a single deep cut in the skin or flesh, or skin piercing which results in a hole in the skin. Some symptoms that accompany wounds are:

  • Swelling.
  • Redness.
  • Bleeding or oozing blood.
  • Possible fever with infection.
  • Oozing pus.


Some common causes of extensive wounds are:

  • Accidents.
  • Sports injury.
  • Laceration.
  • Incisions.
  • Punctures.
  • Gunshots.
  • Abrasions.


Some common risks of trauma wounds are:

  • Infection.
  • Bulging scar tissue surrounding the skin around the wound.
  • Gangrene (decay of tissues inside the body).
  • Drop in immunity.
  • Sudden weight loss.
  • Inflammation.


The following measures should be practiced to prevent extensive wounds:

  • Wear good shoes when outdoors to avoid stepping on hazardous objects.
  • Be careful while playing to prevent sports injuries.
  • Show extra caution when working around objects like knife and scissors.
  • Wear safety objects like gloves and eyewear whenever there is even a slight risk.

How is it diagnosed?

It is an extensive wound injury, and our doctor at Medanta will physically examine the injured area. Imaging and specialist test will be required to determine the exact condition. However, these te...

How is it treated?

At Medanta, the following treatment procedure is followed while curing traumatic wounds:


  • Surgery

    The clinical treatment is basically cleaning and dressing the wound. Your wound may also require surgical intervention, or stitching of the wound. There will be repair of damage done to the tissues, during the surgery. The wound is surgically cleaned to allow natural healing. 
    When there is a deep cut in the skin or flesh, the medical procedure of cleaning the wound with a sterile solution is performed. After cleaning the wound, the particles in the wound will be removed from the site. Then, antibiotic solution is gently put on the wound site, to avoid infection. The wound is then covered with a sterile dressing.
    If a patient requires a surgical repair, then the operation is performed under general anesthesia. A surgical incision is made to remove the debris of the injury. During the procedure, the vital signs of the patient will be closely monitored. The wound is then closed with stitches, and a surgical bandage is put to close the wound.
    Skin abrasions (scratches or wearing of the skin) after an injury, is treated by cleaning the wound site. Sterile solution is applied on the skin, and the wound is bandaged later. A tetanus injection is given to reduce the risk of infection. 

When do I consult a doctor?

Deep or infected wounds generally require medical attention. If first aid has already been performed on a wound, and after a few days oozing blood or swelling persists, the person should visit a doctor immediately.

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