Carcinoid tumour Overview
Carcinoid tumours are benign or non-cancerous tumours that originate in neuroendocrine cells. After its development, a carcinoid tumour keeps growing. Plus, it also keeps releasing chemicals due to which individuals start showing symptoms. Because carcinoid tumours originate in neuroendocrine cells, they are also called neuroendocrine tumors.
All organs in the body have neuroendocrine cells. But they are primarily found in the digestive or gastrointestinal system. They produce hormones and liberate the juices that aid digestion. Neuroendocrine cells tend to become cancerous due to their vulnerability to alterations. When becoming cancerous, they go out of control which is the primary cause of carcinoid tumours.
While there are many options for carcinoid tumour treatment, surgery is the best among them.
Organs Where Carcinoid Tumour Starts
In most cases, a carcinoid tumour starts in the lower part of the small intestine or the ileum. However, it can also occur in different parts of the body. It occurs in the following organs:
How common are carcinoid tumours? What is carcinoid syndrome?
Carcinoid tumours are rare and they affect nearly 4 out of 100,000 adults. Carcinoid syndrome refers to the set of symptoms due to the chemicals released by carcinoid tumours. On average, it affects about 10% of people who develop carcinoid tumours.
What are the causes and symptoms of a neuroendocrine tumour?
Neuroendocrine tumour specifically affects people who have the following medical conditions:
In most cases, the symptoms of carcinogenic cancer are not visible. However, there are certain symptoms that individuals who are affected by a neuroendocrine tumour display. These include the following:
Knowing the cause of a carcinoid tumour, as well as its symptom, is essential. This plays a vital role in the determination of the surgery for its treatment.
The role of surgery in carcinoid tumour treatment
Surgery is the best way to treat a carcinoid tumour. If you are diagnosed with this form of tumour, your surgeon may recommend one of the available options for its surgery. In comparison to the other options, surgery can reduce your tumour bulk and improve your quality of life by treating the symptoms. For this to happen, it is necessary to choose the right kind of treatment option.
The different kinds of neuroendocrine tumour surgery include the ones given below.
Your surgeon will recommend one of the following surgeries to treat your pancreatic neuroendocrine tumour:
As a part of gastrointestinal tumour surgery, your doctor will recommend one of the following surgery options:
In the case of lung neuroendocrine tumour surgery, your surgeon may recommend one of the following surgery options:
If a carcinoid tumour affects the kidneys, your doctor will either perform a partial nephrectomy or a robotic nephrectomy. The former refers to the process of removing a cancer tumour manually by keeping as much kidney tissue as possible, whereas the latter is performed with the help of a robot.
A carcinoid tumour may affect a wide range of organs. Its proper diagnosis is necessary to determine the right surgical option. Surgery for removing a carcinoid tumour is an ideal solution that improves the lives of individuals who are affected by a neuroendocrine tumour. Your doctor will perform one of the above surgeries to remove a cancerous tumour.