Chronic acne is an inflammatory skin condition and can affect a person’s self-esteem and mood adversely. It is one of the most common skin disorders in the world and is estimated to affect more than 23 million Indians by the end of 2026.
Most teenagers get acne once in their lives. As a matter of fact, this condition is so prolific that it’s considered to be a normal side effect of puberty.
Acne occurs when an oily substance called sebum clogs the pores on the skin, giving rise to pimples on the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders..
Acne vulgaris is the most commonly diagnosed form of acne while acne rosacea, acne cosmetica, acne fulminans, and acne mechanica are some lesser-known forms of this skin disorder.
The four main factors that can cause acne are:
Factors that may aggravate Acne are:
A dermatologist will help you to control your acne, avoid visible damage to your skin, and make the marks less visible. If over-the-counter acne products have not helped you, your doctor is likely to prescribe stronger medications.
Acne medications help reduce oil production in your skin and fight bacterial infections. They can take up to 6-8 weeks to show results.
Your acne treatment regimen will depend on the age and severity of your acne breakouts. Often, you may be asked to take a combination of an oral and topical medication especially when it’s a particularly serious acne outbreak.
For moderate to severe acne, you may be prescribed antibiotics that will help reduce bacterial infection and fight inflammation. Oral antibiotics must be used for the shortest duration possible to avoid any antibiotic resistance. It may have some side effects such as an upset stomach or dizziness and may increase your skin’s sensitivity to the sun.
A basic skincare routine can go a long way in your efforts to manage the spread of Acne.
Teenagers with excessive acne breakouts can develop problems like poor body image and avoid social gatherings or sports activities that can expose their marks. However, helping with treatment and providing support can go a long way in helping teenagers deal with the problem.