Moebius Syndrome

What is Moebius Syndrome?

This is an extremely rare congenital neurological disorder characterised by facial paralysis, resulting in the inability to make facial expressions. Many children with this condition, are born with a deformed chin, mouth, and unusually shaped tongue. These abnormalities give rise to a lot of problems with speech, which occur in children with this condition. Other features of Moebius syndrome can include bone abnormalities in the hands and feet, weak muscle tone (hypotonia), and hearing loss. Children affected with this disease acquire all those skills, but eventually.


Symptoms of this neurological disorder include:

  • Weakness or paralysis of facial muscles.
  • Facial paralysis or weakness mainly affects one side, but could target both sides as well.
  • Inability to suck.
  • Inability to move eyes.
  • Difficulty swallowing.



The cause of this disease is still not known. Most of the times, the disease is diagnosed during infancy but is not progressive once treated effectively.



The main risk factors of this disease include:

  • Limited ability to speak or express emotions.
  • Weakening of facial muscles.
  • Inability to chew or even swallow food.


Moebius syndrome cannot be prevented as it is genetic. Treatment requires special care and monitoring by specialists.

How is it diagnosed?

At Medanta, the diagnosis is made on the basis of symptoms described by the patient. A detailed analysis of the patient’s medical history, and the clinical evaluation is vital for thorough examin...

How is it treated?

Treatment depends on the individual, with a focus on a specific abnormality. At Medanta patients are usually handled by a multidisciplinary team. Treatment options include:


When do I contact the doctor?

As this is a neurological disorder, it is important that the child or baby is referred to a specialist as soon as he begins to feel any of the above mentioned symptoms. 

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How does Medanta provide care?


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