Acquired Brain Injury

What is Acquired Brain Injury ?

Acquired brain injury may occur through the sudden onset of trauma, infection, lack of oxygen, strokes, and drug use episodes, or through prolonged alcohol or substance abuse, and tumours or degenerative neurological diseases. Two thirds of all people with this disease are over the age of 45. One third of those are over the age of 65, and the largest age group is between 40 and 49. The disease is higher in men than women. Acquired brain injury is any damage to the brain affecting a person physically, emotionally or behaviorally. It can happen at birth or later, from an illness or trauma, and can be called traumatic or nontraumatic, depending on the specific cause.

There could be many possible causes of it including road accidents, assaults, falls and accidents at home or at work, stroke, brain tumor, haemorrhage, or viral infection such as meningitis.


Some of the common symptoms of brain trauma caused by an injury are extreme drowsiness, distraction, impaired memory, depression, faulty judgement, and slackened reasoning. Possible physical and cognitive symptoms that arise from damage to some areas of the brain are:

  • Loss of simple movement of various body parts
  • Problems with reading and directions
  • Problems in vision and difficulty in recognizing faces
  • Problems with balance and movement; sleep difficulties
  • Loss of ability to walk, tremors, and dizziness


Some of the most probable causes of this disease include:

  • Stroke
  • Trauma
  • Anoxia
  • Tumour
  • Infection
  • Surgery


The main risk factors include:

  • Partially conscious state of mind
  • Vegetative state
  • Coma
  • Seizures
  • Fluid buildup


To prevent the occurrence of this disease, one should take care of:

  • Cutting the alcohol and drug use
  • Using airbags and seat belts
  • Using helmets while driving

How is it diagnosed?

At Medanta, the following neurological tests are used to detect the presence of this disease:


How is it treated?

The exact amount of recovery is not predictable at the time of injury. Each brain injury and its rate of recovery is unique. Methods of treatment include:


  • Rehabilitation

     Treatment of the patient with a brain injury begins during the acute phase. A more extensive rehabilitation program often begins, when the patient’s condition improves.The success of rehabilitation depends on many variables, including nature and severity of the brain injury, type and degree of resulting disabilities, overall health of the patient, and family support

  • Medications

    The list of medications required for the treatment are: diuretics, anti-seizure drugs, and coma-inducing drugs. These are going to be extremely helpful in treating your condition.

  • Surgery

    The means of surgery might be used to address skull fractures, and removing the clotted blood.

When do I contact the doctor?

You should immediately consult a doctor, If you begin to experience symptoms such as trouble with reading, problems with movement and balance, defects in vision, and dizziness. All your symptoms of the disease are going to be treated just right with the medical and clinical assistance at Medanta. 

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