Lung Cancer

What are Lung Cancer?

A malignant tumour that develops in the cells of the lungs is known as lung cancer. It can also spread to other parts of the body. Sometimes, cells in the lung change and stop growing. This is the ...

Symptoms

It is not easy to recognise the symptoms of lung cancer as they are quite similar to other diseases. A few symptoms include:

  • Swelling of the face or neck.
  • Chest pain.
  • Coughing up blood.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Cough.
  • Chest pain.
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss.
  • Difficulty swallowing.
  • Fatigue and weakness.
  • Hoarseness.
  • Pain in the bones and joints.

Causes

Some common causes of lung cancer are:

  • Smoking and/or secondhand smoking.
  • Tobacco use.
  • Exposure to the radioactive gas, radon.
  • Exposure to some chemicals such as arsenic, silica, asbestos, etc. used in specific industries.

Risks

Some common risks of lung cancer are:

  • Metastasis (spreading of cancer).
  • Pleural effusion.
  • Blockage of airways.
  • Coughing up blood.
  • Pain.
  • Shortness of breath.

Prevention

Following are some of the measures that can be used to prevent lung cancer:

  • Adopt a smoke-free life.
  • Avoid tobacco intake.
  • Exercise to stay fit.
  • Eat a low-fat, high-fibre diet.

How is it diagnosed?

Your doctor at Medanta might use the following methods to diagnose lung cancer:

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How is it treated?

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  • Removing a part of the lung

    Treatment of lung cancer depends on the stage of diagnosis. If the cancer is in its initial stage, removing a part of the lung will prevent it from spreading further.

  • Chemotherapy

    There are other options such as chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation, which are directed towards treatment of lung cancer. They may be used alone or in combination.

  • Photodynamic Therapy

    This is a new concept that offers laser therapy and photodynamic therapy to cure lung cancer.

When do I contact the doctor?

If you are facing problems like shortness of breath, pain in the chest, and experience blood while coughing, you are advised to visit a doctor at once.

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