Visceral Leishmaniasis

What is Visceral Leishmaniasis?

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a rare disease, which is characterized by irregular bouts of fever, substantial weight loss, swelling of the spleen and liver, and anaemia (which may be serious). It ...


Symptoms may appear a month or two after the bite of the sand fly. This includes:

  • Weight loss.
  • Weakness.
  • Cough.
  • Fever.
  • Enlarged liver and spleen.
  • Reduction of RBCs (red blood cells) in the blood.
  • Bleeding.
  • Night sweating.
  • Increase in hair fall.



The main causes of this disease are:

  • Protozoan parasites from the leishmania species.
  • Bite of an infected sand fly.
  • Shared needle.
  • Open cut area.



The geographical condition and the sand fly bite are two of the primary factors to affect a person.


The following can be done to prevent oneself from being bitten by a sand fly:

  • Cover full body during an outing or field trip.
  • Use insect repellent on exposed skin.
  • Spray insecticides indoors weekly.
  • Use of bed net.

How is it diagnosed?

At Medanta, our doctor will examine the size of the liver and spleen in the body. For that, they perform:


How is it treated?

Visceral leishmaniasis disease can be dealt by means of:


  • Drugs

    There are drugs that contain antimony, and also include meglumine antimoniate and sodium stibogluconate.

  • Chemotherapy

    This is another method adopted to treat the patient with the disease.

When do I contact the doctor?

It is important to contact a doctor, as soon as you feel sick and unhealthy. Since, one cannot recall about being bitten by a sand fly, it would be hard to diagnose quickly. 

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How does Medanta provide care?


Consult with experienced doctors

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