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Lung Cancer

A malignant tumour that develops in the cells of the lungs is known as lung cancer. It can also spread to other parts of the body. Sometimes, cells in the lung change and stop growing. This is the ind..

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A malignant tumour that develops in the cells of the lungs is known as lung cancer. It can also spread to other parts of the body. Sometimes, cells in the lung change and stop growing. This is the indication of the beginning of tumours. Tumours are not always cancerous, but changes in lung cells can cause cancer. There are two types of lung cancers based on cell size, namely small cell lung cancer and non-small lung cancer. Small cell lung cancer, commonly known as oat cell carcinoma, is a subtype of lung cancer. It can be treated with chemotherapy if diagnosed on time. Small cell lung cancer grows and spreads quickly. Non-small lung cancer is more dangerous. It is of three types, the most common of which is adenocarcinoma. It starts in cells of the air sacs that make mucus. This cancer is mostly found in people under the age of 45. Another type of lung cancer is squamous cell and large cell cancer. They are quite tough to treat as compared to other types of cancer.

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Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer Symptoms
Lung Cancer Symptoms

It is not easy to recognise the symptoms of lung cancer as they are quite similar to other diseases. A few symptoms include:

  • Swelling of the face or neck.
  • Chest pain.
  • Coughing up blood.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Cough.
  • Chest pain.
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss.
  • Difficulty swallowing.
  • Fatigue and weakness.
  • Hoarseness.
  • Pain in the bones and joints.

Lung Cancer Causes
Lung Cancer Causes

Some common causes of lung cancer are:

  • Smoking and/or secondhand smoking.
  • Tobacco use.
  • Exposure to the radioactive gas, radon.
  • Exposure to some chemicals such as arsenic, silica, asbestos, etc. used in specific industries.

Lung Cancer Risks
Lung Cancer Risks

Some common risks of lung cancer are:

  • Metastasis (spreading of cancer).
  • Pleural effusion.
  • Blockage of airways.
  • Coughing up blood.
  • Pain.
  • Shortness of breath.

Lung Cancer prevention ways
Lung Cancer prevention ways

Following are some of the measures that can be used to prevent lung cancer:

  • Adopt a smoke-free life.
  • Avoid tobacco intake.
  • Exercise to stay fit.
  • Eat a low-fat, high-fibre diet.

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Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned institutions, our highly experienced doctors are distinguished experts in their respective specialities. Our doctors work full-time and exclusively across Medanta hospitals. In addition to offering superspecialised care in their own field, the Medanta organisational structure enables every doctor to help create a culture of collaboration and multispecialty care integration.

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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