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Laryngeal Cancer
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What is Laryngeal Cancer?

Laryngeal Cancer is a cancer that affects the larynx and is commonly known as the cancer of the voice box. Larynx is a part of the throat between the trachea and the base tongue. It contains the vocal..

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Laryngeal Cancer is a cancer that affects the larynx and is commonly known as the cancer of the voice box. Larynx is a part of the throat between the trachea and the base tongue. It contains the vocal cords and is divided into three parts. Supraglottis is the upper part of the larynx that is above the vocal cords and includes the epiglottis. Glottis is the middle part of the larynx and this is where the vocal cords are located. Subglottis is the lower part of the larynx which is located between the trachea and the vocal cords. When cancer cells are formed in the larynx tissues, it is known as laryngeal cancer. Most cancer cells are formed in the thin and flat squamous cells that line the inside of the larynx. This type of cancer comes under the category of head and neck cancer. Laryngeal cancer is treatable, but the effectiveness of the treatment is based upon several factors. The stage of the cancer is the most important factor to consider, along with the exact location and the size of it. A person’s general health, age, and certain other body parameters also determine the effectiveness of the treatment. All these factors affect the patient’s chances of recovery.

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Laryngeal Cancer
Symptoms
Symptoms

Certain signs and symptoms hint towards laryngeal cancer, but these may also be as a result of other medical conditions. A visit to a specialist is recommended for correct diagnosis. Early detection of symptoms and effective diagnosis can help eliminate laryngeal cancer and minimize its growth and spread. The signs and symptoms of laryngeal cancer include:

  • Persistent cough and sore throat.
  • Discomfort or pain in swallowing.
  • Lump in the throat or neck.
  • Hoarse voice.
  • Pain in the ear.

 

Causes
Causes

Although the exact reasons of the development of cancer are not known. However, the main cause is the uncontrolled growth of cells in the region to form tumours. This is due to genetic mutations. Some factors that lead to genetic mutations include:

  • Smoking.
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.
  • Too much consumption of alcohol.
  • Exposure to toxic substances such as asbestos.

 

Risks
Risks

The major risk factors of developing the disease are:

  • It is most common in older people above the age of 40.
  • Smoking and consumption of alcohol.
  • HPV infection.
  • Improper diet.
  • Family history with first degree relative diagnosed with the cancer.
  • Low immunity.
  • Exposure to substances like asbestos, paint or diesel fumes, coal or wood dusts, nickel, formaldehyde, etc.

 

Prevention
Prevention

To prevent the disease one should:

  • Avoid intake of tobacco products.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol.
  • Following a healthy diet.

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Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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