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What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disorder that affects the central nervous system of the body. The disorder affects the communication of brain with other parts of the body. Its effects can range from bein..

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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disorder that affects the central nervous system of the body. The disorder affects the communication of brain with other parts of the body. Its effects can range from being unnoticeable to devastating. It is believed that MS is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system starts acting against its own tissues. The disorder can affect a patient at any age; however, the potential age is between 20 to 40 years. As compared to men, women are more susceptible to Multiple sclerosis. It still requires proof that multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease. While the disorder, the immune system destroys myelin - the fatty substance coating nerve fibres in the spinal cord and brain. The substance myelin can be said to be an insulation on electrical wires.

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Multiple Sclerosis
Symptoms
symptoms

The symptoms of MS vary in great amount depending on the location of the damaged nerve fibres. Some of the symptoms that might occur are:

  • Weak or numb limbs.
  • Vision impairment, partial or complete loss of vision.
  • Blur or double vision.
  • Tingling sensation or ache in various parts of the body.
  • Sensations of electric shock in different parts occurring with some specific head movements.
  • Dizziness.
  • Weakness and fatigue.

Causes
causes

There is no exact cause of this disease. However, there are four factors that play a major role in rooting the disease:

  • Immunologic causes.
  • Genetic causes.
  • Environmental causes.
  • Viral causes.

Risks
risks

The primary risk factors for this disease include:

  • Stress.
  • Smoking.
  • Lack of sleep.
  • Infections.
  • Age.

Prevention
prevention

To prevent it from happening, one should take care of the following things:

  • Cutting down on smoking.
  • Taking proper medication.
  • Consuming a healthy diet.
  • Maintaining physical fitness.

Doctors, Pioneers, Life Savers

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned institutions, our highly experienced doctors are distinguished experts in their respective specialities. Our doctors work full-time and exclusively across Medanta hospitals. In addition to offering superspecialised care in their own field, the Medanta organisational structure enables every doctor to help create a culture of collaboration and multispecialty care integration.

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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