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Migraine

Migraine refers to one sided intense periodic headaches. The character of the pain is pulsating or throbbing. The disorder usually brings with itself extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Occurrence..

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Migraine refers to one sided intense periodic headaches. The character of the pain is pulsating or throbbing. The disorder usually brings with itself extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Occurrence of nausea and vomiting is common with migraines. Over the course of time, women have been reported to be more susceptible to this disorder than men. Migraine can be classified into two categories: Classic Migraine and Common Migraine. Some common pre-signs include fatigue, weakness, and lethargy. Some more kinds of headaches which are not popular are, basilar Migraine, Ophthalmic Migraine, Ophthalmoplegic Migraine, Retinal Migraine, and Status Migraine. The intensity of headache increases with time, and the pain that was there in one area spreads to a larger portion. In some cases, the pain will subside gradually in a few hours, while in some it may continue for days.

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Migraine
Symptoms
Symptoms

The headaches usually begin in the early part of the life cycle. Childhood, adolescence or early adulthood are the periods when the disease may start spreading its roots. The disorder shows 4 different stages of symptoms namely prodrome, aura, headache, and postdrome. The common symptoms include:

  • Depressed feeling.
  • Constipation.
  • Craving for food.
  • Hyperactivity.
  • Irritation.
  • Stiffness in the neck.
  • Uncontrolled yawning.
  • Vision loss.
  • Irregular speech.
  • Vomiting and nausea.
  • Mildly euphoric.

 

Causes
Causes

Some of the most probable causes of this disease include:

  • Changes in sleep-wake pattern.
  • Stress.
  • Food additives.
  • Drinks.
  • Sensory stimuli.
  • Physical factors.
  • Salty and processed foods.

Risks
Risks

The main risk factors are:

  • Sex.
  • Hormonal changes.
  • Age.
  • Family history.

Prevention
Prevention

To prevent the occurrence of this disease, one should take care of:

  • Having a healthy diet.
  • Avoiding stress and anxiety.
  • Exercising on a regular basis.

Doctors, Pioneers, Life Savers

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned institutions, our highly experienced doctors are distinguished experts in their respective specialities. Our doctors work full-time and exclusively across Medanta hospitals. In addition to offering superspecialised care in their own field, the Medanta organisational structure enables every doctor to help create a culture of collaboration and multispecialty care integration.

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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